Self-Entitled College Students: Contributions of Personality, Parenting, and Motivational Factors
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Anecdotal evidence suggests an increase in entitled attitudes and behaviors of youth in school and college settings. Using a newly developed scale to assess “academic entitlement” (AE), a construct that includes expectations of high grades for modest effort and demanding attitudes towards teachers, this research is the first to investigate the phenomenon systematically. In two separate samples of ethnically diverse college students comprised largely of East and Southeast Asian American, followed by Caucasians, Latinos, and other groups (total N = 839, age range 18–25 years), we examined the personality, parenting, and motivational correlates of AE. AE was most strongly related to exploitive attitudes towards others and moderately related to an overall sense of entitlement and to narcissism. Students who reported more academically entitled attitudes perceived their parents as exerting achievement pressure marked by social comparison with other youth and materially rewarding good grades, scored higher than their peers in achievement anxiety and extrinsic motivation, and engaged in more academic dishonesty. AE was not significantly associated with GPA.
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- Self-Entitled College Students: Contributions of Personality, Parenting, and Motivational Factors
Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Volume 37, Issue 10 , pp 1193-1204
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
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- Sense of entitlement
- Academic entitlement
- Parenting processes
- Socially comparative achievement pressure
- Achievement anxiety
- Student–teacher relationships
- Academic dishonesty
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California-Irvine, 3340 Social Ecology II, Irvine, CA, 92697, USA
- 2. Departments of Psychology and Social Behavior and Education, University of California-Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA
- 3. Faculty of Education, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand