Original Paper

Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 36, Issue 1, pp 101-110

First online:

Psychopathological Development Across Adolescence

  • Michael RutterAffiliated withBox PO80, MRC SGDP Centre, Institute of Psychiatry Email author 

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Daniel Offer’s seminal writings in the 1960s led to a realization that normal adolescence was not characterized by turmoil and upheaval, the then prevailing view that derived from studies of clinical samples. In this paper, the research findings that have appeared over the last four decades are reviewed with respect to the overall features of adolescence, the psychopathological changes in the teenage years, brain development during adolescence and neuroendocrine changes. The possible pathways involved in adolescent transitions are considered with respect to depression, drug use/abuse, antisocial behavior, schizophrenia and suicidal behavior. Conclusions are drawn on the operation of a range of multi-step causal pathways and implications for policy and practice are discussed.


Daniel Offer Adolescence Pathways