Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 35, Issue 5, pp 852–859

Longitudinal Outcomes for Youth Receiving Runaway/Homeless Shelter Services

  • David E. Pollio
  • Sanna J. Thompson
  • Lisa Tobias
  • Donna Reid
  • Edward Spitznagel
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10964-006-9098-6

Cite this article as:
Pollio, D.E., Thompson, S.J., Tobias, L. et al. J Youth Adolescence (2006) 35: 852. doi:10.1007/s10964-006-9098-6

Abstract

This research examined outcomes and use of specific types of services 6 weeks, 3 and 6 months post-discharge for a large sample of runaway/homeless youth using crisis shelter services. Data were collected for 371 runaway/homeless youth using emergency shelter and crisis services at eleven agencies across a four-state midwestern region. Outcomes were assessed for runaway behavior, family relationships, substance use, school behavior, employment, sexual behavior, and self-esteem. Additionally, the impact of services on outcomes was assessed. Findings indicated that although youth achieved a wide variety of positive outcomes 6 weeks post-discharge, there were signs of attenuation of certain outcomes by the 6 month follow-up. Service use after discharge did not demonstrate a strong impact on maintaining outcomes. The substantive findings reported here present encouraging evidence for providers of services for runaway/homeless youth. Crisis shelter services appear to facilitate broad-based short-term gains, but do not appear sufficient to maintain these gains over an extended period.

Keywords

Homeless/runaway youthYouth sheltersServicesLongitudinal methodsService use

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • David E. Pollio
    • 1
  • Sanna J. Thompson
    • 2
  • Lisa Tobias
    • 1
  • Donna Reid
    • 1
  • Edward Spitznagel
    • 1
  1. 1.George Warren Brown School of Social WorkWashington UniversitySt. LouisUSA
  2. 2.University of TexasAustinUSA