Journal of Mathematical Sciences

, Volume 139, Issue 3, pp 6497-6505

First online:

Student’s t-test for Gaussian scale mixtures

  • N. K. BakirovAffiliated withInstitute of Mathematics
  • , G. J. SzékelyAffiliated withRényi Institute of Mathematics

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


A Student-type test is constructed under a condition weaker than normal. We assume that the errors are scale mixtures of normal random variables and compute the critical values of the suggested s-test. Our s-test is optimal in the sense that if the level is at most α, then the s-test provides the minimum critical values. (The most important critical values are tabulated at the end of the paper.) For α ≤.05, the two-sided s-test is identical with Student’s classical t-test. In general, the s-test is a t-type test, but its degree of freedom should be reduced depending on α. The s-test is applicable for many heavy-tailed errors, including symmetric stable, Laplace, logistic, or exponential power. Our results explain when and why the P-value corresponding to the t-statistic is robust if the underlying distribution is a scale mixture of normal distributions. Bibliography: 24 titles.