Article

Journal of Statistical Physics

, Volume 147, Issue 6, pp 1145-1155

First online:

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The Bulk Correlation Length and the Range of Thermodynamic Casimir Forces at Bose-Einstein Condensation

  • Marek NapiórkowskiAffiliated withInstitute of Theoretical Physics, Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw Email author 
  • , Jarosław PiaseckiAffiliated withInstitute of Theoretical Physics, Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw

Abstract

The relation between the bulk correlation length and the decay length of thermodynamic Casimir forces is investigated microscopically in two three-dimensional systems undergoing Bose-Einstein condensation: the perfect Bose gas and the imperfect mean-field Bose gas. For each of these systems, both lengths diverge upon approaching the corresponding condensation point from the one-phase side, and are proportional to each other. We determine the proportionality factors and discuss their dependence on the boundary conditions. The values of the corresponding critical exponents for the decay length and the correlation length are the same, equal to 1/2 for the perfect gas, and 1 for the imperfect gas.

Keywords

Bose-Einstein condensation Correlation length Casimir force Imperfect Bose gas