Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 51, Issue 3, pp 651–662

Belief in Life-After-Death, Beliefs About the World, and Psychiatric Symptoms

Authors

    • The Spears Research InstituteHealthCare Chaplaincy
  • Christopher G. Ellison
    • Department of SociologyThe University of Texas at San Antonio
  • Kathleen Galek
    • The Spears Research InstituteHealthCare Chaplaincy
  • Nava R. Silton
    • Department of PsychologyMarymount Manhattan College
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10943-012-9608-7

Cite this article as:
Flannelly, K.J., Ellison, C.G., Galek, K. et al. J Relig Health (2012) 51: 651. doi:10.1007/s10943-012-9608-7

Abstract

Data from the 2010 Baylor Religion Survey were analyzed by structural equation modeling (SEM) to test five hypotheses: (1) that religious commitment is positively related to belief in life-after-death; that belief in life-after-death is (2) positively related to belief in an equitable world, and (3) negatively related to belief in a cynical world; (4) that belief in a cynical world has a pernicious association with psychiatric symptoms; and (5) that belief in an equitable world has a salubrious association with psychiatric symptoms. As hypothesized, religious commitment was positively related to belief in life-after-death (β = .74). In turn, belief in life-after-death was negatively associated with belief in a cynical world (β = −.16) and positively associated with belief in an equitable world (β = .36), as hypothesized. SEM further confirmed that belief in a cynical world had a significant pernicious association with all five classes of psychiatric symptoms (β’s = .11 to .30). Belief in an equitable world had a weaker and less consistent salubrious association with psychiatric symptoms. The results are discussed in the context of ETAS theory.

Keywords

Life-after-deathMental healthPsychiatric symptomsReligionReligious beliefsEvolution ETAS theory

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012