Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 51, Issue 4, pp 1239–1260

Multidimensional Assessment of Spirituality/Religion in Patients with HIV: Conceptual Framework and Empirical Refinement

Authors

    • Department of Public Health Sciences, College of MedicineUniversity of Cincinnati
    • Department of Family and Community MedicineCollege of Medicine, University of Cincinnati
  • Ian Kudel
    • Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of Cincinnati, College of Medicine
    • Veterans Healthcare System of Ohio (VISN 10)
  • Sian Cotton
    • Department of Family and Community MedicineCollege of Medicine, University of Cincinnati
  • Anthony C. Leonard
    • Department of Public Health Sciences, College of MedicineUniversity of Cincinnati
  • Joel Tsevat
    • Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of Cincinnati, College of Medicine
    • Veterans Healthcare System of Ohio (VISN 10)
  • P. Neal Ritchey
    • Department of SociologyUniversity of Cincinnati, McMicken College of Arts and Sciences
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10943-010-9433-9

Cite this article as:
Szaflarski, M., Kudel, I., Cotton, S. et al. J Relig Health (2012) 51: 1239. doi:10.1007/s10943-010-9433-9

Abstract

A decade ago, an expert panel developed a framework for measuring spirituality/religion in health research (Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness/Spirituality), but empirical testing of this framework has been limited. The purpose of this study was to determine whether responses to items across multiple measures assessing spirituality/religion by 450 patients with HIV replicate this model. We hypothesized a six-factor model underlying a collective of 56 items, but results of confirmatory factor analyses suggested eight dimensions: Meaning/Peace, Tangible Connection to the Divine, Positive Religious Coping, Love/Appreciation, Negative Religious Coping, Positive Congregational Support, Negative Congregational Support, and Cultural Practices. This study corroborates parts of the factor structure underlying the Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness/Spirituality and some recent refinements of the original framework.

Keywords

Spirituality Religion HIV Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness/Spirituality

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010