Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 51, Issue 4, pp 1226–1238

Changes in Religious Coping and Relapse to Drug Use Among Opioid-Dependent Patients Following Inpatient Detoxification

Authors

    • Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesDuke University Medical Center
    • Duke Global Health Institute
  • Linda M. Skalski
    • Duke Global Health Institute
    • Department of Psychology and NeuroscienceDuke University
  • Christina S. Meade
    • Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesDuke University Medical Center
    • Duke Global Health Institute
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10943-010-9418-8

Cite this article as:
Puffer, E.S., Skalski, L.M. & Meade, C.S. J Relig Health (2012) 51: 1226. doi:10.1007/s10943-010-9418-8

Abstract

Relapse rates remain high among people with opioid dependence. Identifying psychosocial factors associated with outcomes is important for informing behavioral treatments. This study examined religious coping, opioid use, and 12-step participation among 45 participants receiving inpatient opioid detoxification at baseline and follow-up. At baseline, higher positive coping was related to less frequent opioid use pre-admission (β = −.44, p < .001) and history of 12-step participation (OR = 2.33, p < .05). Decreases in negative coping after discharge predicted less opioid use (β = .55, p < .001), and increases in positive coping predicted more frequent 12-step program participation (β = .42, p < .05). Positive religious coping may be protective, while negative religious coping may be a barrier to treatment.

Keywords

Religious copingOpioid dependenceOpioid detoxificationSpirituality12-step program

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010