, Volume 51, Issue 4, pp 1226-1238
Date: 02 Dec 2010

Changes in Religious Coping and Relapse to Drug Use Among Opioid-Dependent Patients Following Inpatient Detoxification

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Relapse rates remain high among people with opioid dependence. Identifying psychosocial factors associated with outcomes is important for informing behavioral treatments. This study examined religious coping, opioid use, and 12-step participation among 45 participants receiving inpatient opioid detoxification at baseline and follow-up. At baseline, higher positive coping was related to less frequent opioid use pre-admission (β = −.44, p < .001) and history of 12-step participation (OR = 2.33, p < .05). Decreases in negative coping after discharge predicted less opioid use (β = .55, p < .001), and increases in positive coping predicted more frequent 12-step program participation (β = .42, p < .05). Positive religious coping may be protective, while negative religious coping may be a barrier to treatment.