Introducing Spirituality into Psychiatric Care
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Spirituality is important to many psychiatric patients, and these patients may be moved toward recovery more effectively if their spiritual needs are addressed in treatment. This, however, is rarely given expression in the psychiatric services of teaching hospitals. In order to develop this potential area of improved care, we (1) evaluated the differential attitudes of patients and psychiatric trainees toward the value of spirituality in the recovery process, (2) established a program of group meetings conducted by psychiatric residents and staff where patients can discuss how to draw on their spirituality in coping with their problems, and (3) established related training experiences for psychiatric residents. The results and implications of these three initiatives are presented.
- Alexander, M. J., Haugland, G., Knight, E., Ashenden, P, & Brown, I. (2009). Coping with thoughts of suicide: Techniques used by consumers of mental health services. Psychiatric Services (in press).
- American Psychiatric Association. (2006). Practice guidelines for the treatment of psychiatric disorders. McLean VA: APA. CrossRef
- Beliefnet (2005). www.beliefnet.com. In Newsweek, September 5, 2005.
- Blanke, O., Ortigue, S., Landis, T., & Seeck, M. (2002). Stimulating illusory own-body perceptions. Nature, 418, 269–270. CrossRef
- Blass, D. M. (2007). A pragmatic approach to teaching psychiatry residents the assessment and treatment of religious patients. Academic Psychiatry, 31, 25–31. CrossRef
- Borg, J., Bengt, A., Soderstrom, H., & Farde, L. (2003). The serotonin system and spiritual experiences. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160, 1965–1969. CrossRef
- Caplow, T., Bahr, H. M., & Chadwick, B. A. (1981). Piety in middletown. Culture and Society, 18, 34–37.
- Cloninger, C. R., Svrakie, N. M., & Svrakie, D. M. (1997). Role of personality self-organization in development of mental order and disorder. Developments in Psychopathology, 9, 881–906. CrossRef
- Curlin, F. A., Odell, S. V., Lawrence, R. E., et al. (2007). The relationship between psychiatry and religion among US physicians. Psychiatric Services, 58, 1193. CrossRef
- Davidson, L., Schmutte, T., Dinzeo, T., & Andres-Hyman, R. (2008). Remission and recovery in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 34, 5–8. CrossRef
- Deegan, P. E. (2005). The importance of personal medicine: A qualitative Study of resilience in people with psychiatric disabilities. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 33, 29–35. CrossRef
- Fazzio, L., Galanter, M., Dermatis, H., & Levounis, P. (2003). Evaluation of medical student attitudes toward alcoholics anonymous. Substance Abuse, 24, 175–185.
- Frank, J. D. (1971). Therapeutic factors in psychotherapy. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 25, 350–361.
- Freud, S. (1955). Group psychology and the analysis of the ego. In J. Strachey (Ed.), The complete psychological works, Standard ed (Vol. 18). London: Hogarth Press.
- Galanter, M. (1982). Overview: Charismatic sects and psychiatry. American Journal of Psychiatry, 139, 1539–1548.
- Galanter, M. (2005). Spirituality and the healthy mind. Science, therapy, and the need for personal meaning. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Galanter, M., Dermatis, H., Bunt, G., Williams, C., Trujillo, M., & Steinke, P. (2007). Assessment of spirituality and its relevance to addiction treatment. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 33, 257–264. CrossRef
- Galanter, M., Glickman, L., Dermatis, H., Tracy, K., & McMahon, C. (2008). Addressing patients’ spirituality in medical treatment. Primary Psychiatry, 15, 82–90.
- Gallup, G. H. (2002). Religion in America 2002. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Religious Research Center.
- Goldfarb, L., Galanter, M., McDowell, D., Lifshutz, H., & Dermatis, H. (1996). Medical student and patient attitudes toward religion and spirituality in the recovery process. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 22, 549–561. CrossRef
- Grabovac, A., Clark, N., & McKenna, M. (2008). Pilot study and evaluation of postgraduate course on “The interface between spirituality, religion, and psychiatry”. Academic Psychiatry, 32, 332. CrossRef
- Joint Commission for the Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations. (2007). www.jointcommission.org.
- Koenig, H. G., McCullough, M. E., & Larson, D. B. (2000). Handbook of religion and health. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
- Levin, J. S., Larson, D. N., & Puchalski, C. M. (1997). Religion and spirituality in medicine: Research and education. Journal of the American Medical Association, 278, 792–793. CrossRef
- Nussbaum, M. C. (2000). Women and human development: The capabilities approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Post, S. G. (1990). DSM-III-R and religion. (Letter to the Editor). American Journal of Psychiatry, 147, 813.
- Puchalski, C. M., Larson, D. B., & Lu, F. G. (2001). Spirituality in psychiatry residency training programs. International Review of Psychiatry, 13, 131–138. CrossRef
- Sen, A. (1992). On ethics and economics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Tonigan, J. S. (2003). Spirituality and AA practices three and 10 years after project MATCH (abstract). Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research, 26, 660A.
- Introducing Spirituality into Psychiatric Care
Journal of Religion and Health
Volume 50, Issue 1 , pp 81-91
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Mental Illness
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Division of Alcoholism and Drug Abuse and the Center for Spirituality and Healthcare, New York University Langone Medical Center and Bellevue Hospital, 550 First Avenue, Room NBV20N28, New York, NY, 10016, USA
- 2. The Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research, New York, NY, USA