The Impact of Personality and Religion on Attitudes toward Alcohol among 16–18 Year Olds in Northern Ireland
Cite this article as: Francis, L.J., Fearn, M. & Lewis, C.A. J Relig Health (2005) 44: 267. doi:10.1007/s10943-005-5464-z Abstract Background: Previous research demonstrates a negative relationship between attitude toward alcohol and religiosity. However, what is less apparent is if this relationship may, at least in part, be a function of individual differences in personality, as previous research has demonstrated a relationship between certain measures of personality and both attitude toward alcohol and attitude toward religiosity. The aim of the present study was to explore the impact of personality and the relative efficacy of different markers of religiosity in predicting attitude toward alcohol among a sample of 16–18 year olds in Northern Ireland. Method: The Francis Scale of Attitude toward Alcohol (Francis, 1992c. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 31, 45–50) was administered alongside the Abbreviated Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (Francis, Brown, & Philipchalk, 1992. Personality and Individual Differences, 13(4), 443–449), the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity (Francis & Stubbs, 1987. Personality and Individual Differences, 8, 741–743) and measures of frequency of personal prayer and church attendance among a sample of 243 16- to 18-year-old sixth-form students in Northern Ireland. Results and conclusion: The data demonstrate that a more prohibitive attitude toward alcohol was correlated with lower psychoticism scores (tendermindedness) and a more positive attitude toward Christianity. Multiple-regression analyses confirm the importance of attitude toward religion in predicting individual differences in attitude toward alcohol. Keywords adolescence alcohol Northern Ireland personality religion References Adlaf, E.M., Smart, R.G. 1985 Drug use and religious affiliation, feelings and behaviour British Journal of Addiction 80 163 171 PubMed Google Scholar Ajzen, I. 1988Attitudes, personality and behaviour Open University Press Milton Keynes Google Scholar Allport, G.W. 1950The individual and his religion Macmillan New York Google Scholar Allsopp, J.F. 1986 Personality as a determinant of beer and cider consumption among young men Personality and Individual Differences 7 341 347 CrossRef Google Scholar Amoateng, A.Y., Bahr, S.J. 1986 Religion, family and adolescent drug use Sociological Perspectives 29 53 76 Google Scholar Argyle, M., Beit-Hallahmi, B. 1975The social psychology of religion Routledge and Kegan Paul London Google Scholar Barber, J.G., Grichting, W.L. 1987 The assessment of drug attitudes among university students using the short form of the drug attitude scale International Journal of the Addictions 22 1033 1039 PubMed Google Scholar Bechtel, L.J., Swisher, J.D. 1992 An analysis of the relationship among selected attitudinal, demographic, and behavioural variables and the self-reported alcohol use behaviours of Pennsylvania adolescents Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education 37 83 93 Google Scholar Beeghley, L., Bock, E.W., Cochran, J.K. 1990 Religious change and alcohol use: an application of references group and socialization theory Sociological Forum 5 261 278 CrossRef Google Scholar Beit-Hallahmi, B., Argyle, M. 1997The psychology of religious behaviour, belief & experience Routledge London Google Scholar Beyts, J., Frcka, G., Martin, I., Levey, A.B. 1983 The influence of psychoticism and extraversion on classical eyelid conditioning using a paraorbital shock UCS Personality and Individual Differences 4 275 283 CrossRef Google Scholar
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