How do Visitors Affect Crime?
- Earl L. GrinolsAffiliated withDepartment of Economics, Hankamer School of Business, Baylor University
- , David B. MustardAffiliated withDepartment of Economics, Terry College of Business, University of GeorgiaUGA Institute of Higher EducationInstitute for the Study of Labor Email author
- , Melissa StahaAffiliated withCatlin Inc.
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This paper, which uses data on National Park visitors between 1979 and 1998 and every county in the United States, is the most exhaustive examination to date of how visitors affect crime. After controlling for many other factors that influence crime, the county-level regressions consistently indicate that national park visitors have no effect on either property or violent crime. These results are true for a variety of different measures of park visitors, for different empirical specifications, and for different regression formats. We therefore conclude that some visitor types have no impact on crime. This conclusion sheds light on the empirical issue of whether only some types of recreational visitors increase crime or whether visitors, regardless of their type, necessarily increase crime.
KeywordsVisitors Tourism Crime National park visitors Project cost-benefit
- How do Visitors Affect Crime?
Journal of Quantitative Criminology
Volume 27, Issue 3 , pp 363-378
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- Springer US
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- National park visitors
- Project cost-benefit
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- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Economics, Hankamer School of Business, Baylor University, One Bear Place, # 98003, Waco, TX, 76798, USA
- 2. Department of Economics, Terry College of Business, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, 30602, USA
- 3. UGA Institute of Higher Education, Athens, GA, 30602, USA
- 4. Institute for the Study of Labor, Bonn, Germany
- 5. Catlin Inc., 3340 Peachtree Road NE, Tower Place 100, Suite 2950, Atlanta, GA, 30326, USA