Original Paper

Journal of Quantitative Criminology

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 125-149

First online:

Reciprocal Effects of Victimization and Routine Activities

  • Margit AverdijkAffiliated withUniversity of Zurich, Institute of Education, Büro F 15a Email author 

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


Although there is much research on the relationship between routine activities and victimization, we have little knowledge about the reciprocal effects of victimization and routine activities. The current paper is framed within the Once Bitten Twice Shy perspective proposed by Hindelang et al. (Victims of personal crime: an empirical foundation for a theory of personal victimization. Ballinger, Cambridge, 1978) which argues that victimization decreases risky routine activities and that this in turn decreases the risk of victimization. The current paper tests these propositions by using longitudinal data from the National Crime Victimization Survey, which allows us to tease out victimization and routine activities over time. Both violent and household victimization are examined. Variables pertaining to how often respondents go out for shopping, how often they go away at night and whether they have household devices are used as indicators for routine activities. Results indicate that the reciprocal effects of victimization and routine activities are limited. Consequences for routine activities theory are discussed.


Victimization Routine activities Longitudinal data