The Journal of Primary Prevention

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 93–115

The Effects of City-Wide Implementation of “Second Step” on Elementary School Students’ Prosocial and Aggressive Behaviors

  • Michelle Beaulieu Cooke
  • Julian Ford
  • Joan Levine
  • Cate Bourke
  • Lisa Newell
  • Garry Lapidus
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10935-007-0080-1

Cite this article as:
Cooke, M.B., Ford, J., Levine, J. et al. J Primary Prevent (2007) 28: 93. doi:10.1007/s10935-007-0080-1

This study examined the impact of implementing Second Step, a violence prevention program, using a comprehensive, city-wide approach. The evaluation included 741 3rd–5th graders in six schools. Student surveys, behavioral observations, and discipline referrals were used to assess aggressive-antisocial and prosocial behaviors. We found significant improvements in positive approach-coping, caring-cooperative behavior, suppression of aggression, and consideration of others, but no changes in aggressive-antisocial behaviors. Behavioral observations and disciplinary referrals showed no significant changes. The program was implemented with high fidelity and engaged a wide range of participants from the community.

Editors’ Strategic Implications: Key implementation issues are presented for a cross-site, city-wide evaluation on “Second Step.” School and community officials will benefit from these lessons, as well as the authors’ recommendations for further longitudinal study with appropriate comparison groups.

KEY WORDS

second step violence prevention program evaluation elementary school students implementation 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michelle Beaulieu Cooke
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  • Julian Ford
    • 3
  • Joan Levine
    • 3
  • Cate Bourke
    • 1
  • Lisa Newell
    • 1
  • Garry Lapidus
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Injury Prevention CenterConnecticut Children’s Medical CenterHartfordUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Pediatrics and Community MedicineUniversity of Connecticut School of MedicineFarmingtonUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Connecticut Health CenterFarmingtonUSA
  4. 4.MPHPepperellUSA

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