Journal of Paleolimnology

, Volume 50, Issue 1, pp 57–70

Geochemical responses to paleoclimatic changes in southern Sweden since the late glacial: the Hässeldala Port lake sediment record

  • Malin E. Kylander
  • Jonatan Klaminder
  • Barbara Wohlfarth
  • Ludvig Löwemark
Original paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10933-013-9704-z

Cite this article as:
Kylander, M.E., Klaminder, J., Wohlfarth, B. et al. J Paleolimnol (2013) 50: 57. doi:10.1007/s10933-013-9704-z

Abstract

There is a relatively good understanding of the paleoenvironmental changes that have occurred in southern Sweden since the Late Glacial. A main exception, however, is the sedimentary response of lacustrine systems during this period of rapid climate shifts. To address this, high-resolution X-ray fluorescence core scanning, Total Organic Carbon (TOC), C/N and δ13C analyses were made on a core from Hässeldala Port, a paleolake in the region. Site-specific geochemical analyses documented variations in silicate inputs (Zr/Ti, Si/Ti, K/Ti and K/Rb), productivity (TOC, Ca/Ti and Sr/Ti), as well as redox conditions in the sediment (δ13C, Mn/Ti and Fe/Ti), which were then linked to the regional climatic framework. During the Bølling/Older Dryas sediment accumulation was at its highest, particularly prior to colonization by terrestrial vegetation, and hydrological transport dominated. No clear signal of the Older Dryas was detected in the elemental chemistry. The Allerød was a period of relatively constant sediment accumulation, with the exception of during the Gerzensee oscillation when rates increased. There is evidence for increased within-lake and -catchment productivity and a change in silicate source during parts of the Allerød. As opposed to other records from the region, constant sediment accumulation rates were found during the Younger Dryas. Other proxies also suggest that this was a rather static period at Hässeldala Port. A gradual change in productivity and hydrological activity was observed from 12,000 cal year BP. The Preboreal section is rather short but the geochemical response was similar to that seen during other periods with milder climate conditions. The geochemical record archived in the sediments at Hässeldala Port was found to be the integrated result of physical erosion, landscape and soil development, vegetation changes, basin hydrology and moisture and temperature variations and it fills an important information gap in our understanding of the geochemical response of lake sediments to past climate change.

Keywords

Lake sedimentGeochemistryXRF core scanningLate glacialSweden

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Malin E. Kylander
    • 1
  • Jonatan Klaminder
    • 2
  • Barbara Wohlfarth
    • 1
  • Ludvig Löwemark
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Geology and GeochemistryStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Department of Ecology and Environmental SciencesUmeå UniversityUmeåSweden
  3. 3.Department of GeosciencesNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan