Journal of Paleolimnology

, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 155–165

Sedimentary records of reduction in resting egg production of Daphnia galeata in Lake Biwa during the 20th century: a possible effect of winter warming


    • Center for Ecological ResearchKyoto University
    • Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Graduate School of Life SciencesTohoku Universiy
  • Seiji Ishida
    • Department of Biological SciencesState University of New York at Buffalo
  • Jotaro Urabe
    • Graduate School of Life ScienceTohoku University
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10933-008-9268-5

Cite this article as:
Tsugeki, N.K., Ishida, S. & Urabe, J. J Paleolimnol (2009) 42: 155. doi:10.1007/s10933-008-9268-5


To clarify long-term variations in the resting egg production of Daphnia galeata in Lake Biwa during the 20th century, we examined an abundance of plankton remains and ephippia in a 26-cm sediment core with a time resolution of approximately 2–6 years. Historical changes shown by these plankton remains indicated that the Daphnia population has not produced resting eggs since the 1980s, but it has remained the most abundant zooplankton species in the lake. Plankton monitoring data collected from 1966 to 2000 revealed that the overwintering individuals (January–March) of D. galeata plankters showed a significant increasing trend in recent years, such increase being negatively correlated with ephippial abundance in the sediment samples. Further analyses showed that the dominant phytoplankton in winter has changed from large inedible diatoms to edible flagellated algae, probably due to changes in vertical mixing regimes resulting from winter warming. These changes that occurred in the last several decades suggest that global warming has improved winter food conditions and thus enabled the Daphnia plankton to maintain its population without producing resting eggs in Lake Biwa.


DaphniaResting eggsWinter warming20th centuryLake BiwaZooplankton

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008