, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 135-141
Date: 30 Dec 2006

Relevance of phenylalanine 216 in the affinity of Saccharomyces cerevisiae phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase for Mn(II)

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Saccharomyces cerevisiae phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) carboxykinase catalyzes the reversible formation of oxaloacetate and adenosine triphosphate from PEP, adenosine diphosphate and carbon dioxide, and uses Mn2+ as the activating metal ion. Comparison with the crystalline structure of homologous Escherichia coli PEP carboxykinase [Tari et al. (1997) Nature Struct. Biol. 4, 990–994] shows that Lys213 is one of the ligands to Mn2+ at the enzyme active site. Coordination of Mn2+ to a lysyl residue is not common and suggests a low pK a value for the ε-NH2 group of Lys213. In this work, we evaluate the role of neighboring Phe216 in contributing to provide a low polarity microenvironment suitable to keep the ε-NH2 of Lys213 in the unprotonated form. Mutation Phe216Tyr shows that the introduction of a hydroxyl group in the lateral chain of the residue produces a substantial loss in the enzyme affinity for Mn2+, suggesting an increase of the pK a of Lys213. In agreement with this interpretation, theoretical calculations indicate an alkaline shift of 2.8 pH units in the pK a of the ε-amino group of Lys213 upon Phe216Tyr mutation.