, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 232-239

Identification of Glutamate Residues Important for Catalytic Activity or Thermostability of a Truncated Bacillus sp. Strain TS-23 α-amylase by Site-directed Mutagenesis

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The importance of 17 glutamate residues of a truncated Bacillus sp. strain TS-23 α-amylase (BACΔNC) was investigated by site-directed mutagenesis. The Ala- and Asp-substituted variants were overexpressed in the recombinant E. coli cells and the 54-kDa proteins were purified to nearly homologous by nickel-chelate chromatography. Glu-295, which locates in the conserved region III of amylolytic enzymes, mutations resulted in a complete loss of enzyme activity. The specific activity for E151A was decreased by more than 30%, while other variants showed activity comparable to that of BACΔNC. A decreased half-life at 70°C was observed for Glu-219 variants with respective to the wild-type enzyme, suggesting that replacement of Glu-219 by either Ala or Asp might have a significant destabilizing effect on the protein structure.