Article

Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 17-22

First online:

Sickness Presenteeism Among Swedish Police Officers

  • Constanze LeineweberAffiliated withStress Research Institute, Stockholm University Email author 
  • , Hugo WesterlundAffiliated withStress Research Institute, Stockholm UniversityDivision of Insurance Medicine, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet
  • , Jan HagbergAffiliated withDivision of Insurance Medicine, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet
  • , Pia SvedbergAffiliated withDivision of Insurance Medicine, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet
  • , Marita LuokkalaAffiliated withStress Research Institute, Stockholm University
  • , Kristina AlexandersonAffiliated withDivision of Insurance Medicine, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet

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Abstract

Introduction The aim was to describe the prevalence of sickness presenteeism (SP) and to explore possible associations with work characteristics among Swedish police officers. Methods Questionnaire data from 11,793 police officers were analysed. Relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for SP were calculated with modified Poisson regression. SP was defined as having gone to work on two or more occasions during the past 12 months despite judging that one’s health would have motivated sickness absence. Results Of the police officers, 47% reported SP. All studied work environment factors were significantly associated with SP. The strongest association was found for stress (RR = 1.46; 95% CI: 1.41–1.52). Low support from colleagues and low control had higher impact on the risk estimates for SP among older subjects. Adjustment for self-rated health lowered the RRs, however, estimates remained statistically significant. The results indicated that SP was most affected by work environment among subjects with good self-rated health. Conclusions SP was high among police officers. Work environment factors seem to be associated with SP, particularly among subjects with good general health.

Keywords

Police officers Sickness presence Work