Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 343–351

Reliability and Validity of the Milliken Activities of Daily Living Scale

  • Mary K. Seaton
  • Gail N. Groth
  • Leonard Matheson
  • Christine Feely

DOI: 10.1007/s10926-005-5941-3

Cite this article as:
Seaton, M.K., Groth, G.N., Matheson, L. et al. J Occup Rehabil (2005) 15: 343. doi:10.1007/s10926-005-5941-3


Development of a self-report measure of activity limitation that combines measures of ability with necessity is described. The history of the Milliken Activities of Daily Living Scale (MAS) is traced, and the current measure is described. The test–retest reliability and concurrent validity of the MAS is studied. The MAS is found to have excellent reliability and good validity. The utility of the instrument to guide clinical practice is described, with a discussion of the importance of client-centered self-report measures of activity limitation.


hand functionself-report measureADLactivities of daily livingself-report questionnaireactivity limitationsclient-centered

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary K. Seaton
    • 1
  • Gail N. Groth
    • 2
  • Leonard Matheson
    • 3
  • Christine Feely
    • 4
  1. 1.Program in Occupational TherapyWashington University School of MedicineWashington
  2. 2.Milliken Hand Rehabilitation CenterThe Rehabilitation Institute of St. LouisSt. Louis
  3. 3.Program in Occupational TherapyWashington University School of MedicineSt. Louis
  4. 4.Certus InternationalUSA