Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 107–114

Kenaf/Ramie Composite for Automotive Headliner

  • Yan Chen
  • Liangfeng Sun
  • Ovidiu Chiparus
  • Ioan Negulescu
  • Val Yachmenev
  • Mary Warnock
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10924-005-2942-z

Cite this article as:
Chen, Y., Sun, L., Chiparus, O. et al. J Polym Environ (2005) 13: 107. doi:10.1007/s10924-005-2942-z

An increasing industrial interest is applications of kenaf and ramie fiber nonwovens for making automotive interior trim parts because of their excellent strength and renewability. This paper presents a study on the manufacture and evaluation of the kenaf/ramie nonwoven composite for this automotive end use. Carding, needle-punching, and wet bonding were used to fabricate the composite. End-use performance of the composite, in terms of tensile strength, thermal conductivity, dynamic mechanical property, and bonding structure, was tested using a series of instruments in accordance with the ASTM methods. Bonding performance of the polyvinyl alcohol binder and acrylic copolymer binder was also compared. Research results revealed that the acrylic-copolymer bonded composite was significantly anisotropic in both tensile and bending deformation and the polyvinyl-alcohol bonded composite was significantly anisotropic only in bending deformation. For the acrylic-copolymer bonded composite, increase of padding times helped enhance tensile properties. The acrylic-copolymer bonded composite also exhibited a better performance in dynamic thermal mechanical deformation but indicated insignificant difference of thermal conductivity compared to the polyvinyl-alcohol bonded composite.

Keywords

Kenaframienonwoven compositeautomotive headlinermechanical and thermal properties

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yan Chen
    • 1
  • Liangfeng Sun
    • 1
  • Ovidiu Chiparus
    • 1
  • Ioan Negulescu
    • 1
  • Val Yachmenev
    • 2
  • Mary Warnock
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Human EcologyLouisiana State University Agricultural CenterBaton RougeUSA
  2. 2.USDA ARS Southern Regional Research CenterNew OrleansUSA
  3. 3.School of Human Environmental SciencesUniversity of ArkansasFayettevilleUSA