Journal of Medical Systems

, Volume 35, Issue 3, pp 369–375

Two RFID-based Solutions to Enhance Inpatient Medication Safety

  • Hung-Yu Chien
  • Chia-Chuan Yang
  • Tzong-Chen Wu
  • Chin-Feng Lee
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10916-009-9373-7

Cite this article as:
Chien, HY., Yang, CC., Wu, TC. et al. J Med Syst (2011) 35: 369. doi:10.1007/s10916-009-9373-7


Owing to the low cost and convenience of identifying an object without physical contact, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) systems provide innovative, promising and efficient applications in many domains. An RFID grouping protocol is a protocol that allows an off-line verifier to collect and verify the evidence of two or more tags simultaneously present. Recently, Huang and Ku (J. Med. Syst, 2009) proposed an efficient grouping protocol to enhance medication safety for inpatients based on low-cost tags. However, the Huang–Ku scheme is not secure; an attacker can easily make up fake grouping records to cheat the verifier. This weakness would seriously endanger the safety of inpatient medication safety. This paper will show the weaknesses, and then propose two RFID-based solutions to enhance medication safety for two different scenarios. The proposed schemes are practical, secure and efficient for medication applications.


SecurityRFIDAuthenticationGroupingMedicationOff-line verifierOn-line verifierInpatient safetyGrouping-Proof protocol.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hung-Yu Chien
    • 1
  • Chia-Chuan Yang
    • 2
  • Tzong-Chen Wu
    • 3
  • Chin-Feng Lee
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Information ManagementNational Chi-Nan UniversityPuliRepublic of China
  2. 2.PuLi Christian HospitalNanTouRepublic of China
  3. 3.Department of Information ManagementNational Taiwan University of Science and TechnologyTaipeiRepublic of China
  4. 4.Department of Information ManagementChaoYang University of TechnologyWufengRepublic of China