, Volume 51, Issue 2, pp 588-602

Entropy production of a mechanically driven single oligomeric enzyme: a consequence of fluctuation theorem

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Abstract

In this work we have shown how an applied mechanical force affects an oligomeric enzyme kinetics in a chemiostatic condition where the statistical characteristics of random walk of the substrate molecules over a finite number of active sites of the enzyme plays important contributing factors in governing the overall rate and nonequilibrium thermodynamic properties. The analytical results are supported by the simulation of single trajectory based approach of entropy production using Gillespie’s stochastic algorithm. This microscopic numerical approach not only gives the macroscopic entropy production from the mean of the distribution of entropy production which depends on the force but also a broadening of the distribution by the applied mechanical force, a kind of power broadening. In the nonequilibrium steady state (NESS), both the mean and the variance of the distribution increases and then saturates with the rise in applied force corresponding to the situation when the net rate of product formation reaches a limiting value with an activationless transition. The effect of the system-size and force on the entropy production distribution is shown to be constrained by the detailed fluctuation theorem.