Journal of Insect Behavior

, Volume 27, Issue 5, pp 567–580

Effects of Spider Chemotactile Cues on Arthropod Behavior

Authors

    • Institute for Environmental Sciences, Ecosystem AnalysisUniversity of Koblenz-Landau
  • Hellena Binz
    • Institute for Environmental Sciences, Ecosystem AnalysisUniversity of Koblenz-Landau
    • Institute of Zoology, Department of Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of Mainz
  • Florian Menzel
    • Institute of Zoology, Department of Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of Mainz
  • Martin H. Entling
    • Institute for Environmental Sciences, Ecosystem AnalysisUniversity of Koblenz-Landau
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10905-014-9449-1

Cite this article as:
Bucher, R., Binz, H., Menzel, F. et al. J Insect Behav (2014) 27: 567. doi:10.1007/s10905-014-9449-1

Abstract

Predation risk can strongly affect the behavior of prey species. However, empirical evidence for changes in behavior driven by spider cues is restricted to relatively few taxa. Here, we conducted a series of behavioral experiments to test for changes in activity among a wide range of terrestrial arthropods. We confronted 13 insect and eight spider species with chemotactile cues of three spider species. We applied two different experimental setups: In the ‘no-choice experiment’ prey individuals were either put on control filter papers or on filter papers previously occupied by a spider. In the ‘choice experiment’, the prey individuals were able to choose between filter paper halves with and without spider cues. In both setups, the response to spider cues depended significantly on prey species, with some species increasing and others decreasing their activity. Surprisingly few prey species responded to the spider cues at all. Our results indicate that predator recognition upon contact with cue bearing filter papers is strongly prey-specific and that behavioral effects driven by spider chemotactile cues are an exception rather than the rule among terrestrial arthropods.

Keywords

Non-consumptive effectsantipredator behaviorintraguild interferencechemotactile cuesAraneaeNemobius sylvestrisLasius niger

Supplementary material

10905_2014_9449_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (185 kb)
ESM 1(PDF 185 kb)
10905_2014_9449_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (106 kb)
ESM 2(PDF 105 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014