Original Paper

Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 16, Issue 6, pp 1103-1110

First online:

Ethnic and Gender Variations in the Associations Between Family Cohesion, Family Conflict, and Depression in Older Asian and Latino Adults

  • Mijung ParkAffiliated withDepartment of Health and Community Systems, University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing Email author 
  • , Jürgen UnützerAffiliated withDepartment of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington School of Medicine
  • , David GrembowskiAffiliated withDepartment of Health Services, University of Washington School of Public Health

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To examine the associations between family conflict, family cohesion and late-life depression in Latino and Asian populations and test if these associations vary by race/ethnicity and gender. We used a subsample of older adults from the National Latino Asian American Study (N = 395). All analyses were weighted and adjusted for individual and clinical characteristics. Greater family cohesion was associated with decrease in risk for depression in Latino and Asian older adult populations (OR: 0.68, 95 % CI: 0.54, 0.84). These associations varied by gender, with men being more sensitive to family cohesion and family conflict than women. Asian older adults were more sensitive to family conflict, whereas Latino older adults were more sensitive to family cohesion. The quality of family relationships is strongly associated with late-life depression. Further research is needed to better understand the complex interplay between social support, ethnicity, and gender in latelife depression outcomes.


Family context Asian and Latino family Late-life depression Family conflict Family cohesion