Original Paper

Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 756-764

First online:

Predictors of Cervical Cancer Screening Among Vietnamese American Women

  • Mai DoAffiliated withDepartment of Global Health System and Development, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine Email author 

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This study examines Pap testing behavior among 265 Vietnamese American women aged 18 or above. A community-based survey was conducted with Vietnamese women in five cities: Houston (TX), Springfield (MA), Camden (NJ), Charlotte (NC), and Falls Church (VA). Seventy-five percent of the study sample ever received a Pap test, 45 % within the last 12 months. Women’s perceived risks of cancer, belief that cancer can be detected early with screening, and disagreement that it is embarrassing to get tested and that only married women should get tested are related to Pap testing. Having health insurance is the most important predictor of Pap testing. Main reasons for not having tested in the last 12 months include: feeling well, having no insurance, and high costs. Interventions should improve financial access to Pap testing among Vietnamese American women. Results also suggest that future communication programs should emphasize preventive practices and change traditional attitudes and misconceptions related to Pap testing.


Pap testing Cervical cancer Health Belief Model Vietnamese American Women