Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 16, Issue 5, pp 904–913

Musculoskeletal Injury, Functional Disability, and Health-Related Quality of Life in Aging Mexican Immigrant Farmworkers

Authors

    • Department of Public Health Sciences, College of Health SciencesUniversity of Texas at El Paso (UTEP)
    • Human Immunology and Disease Research LaboratoryUTEP College of Health Sciences
    • UTEP Center for Interdisciplinary Health Research and EvaluationUTEP College of Health Sciences
  • R. X. Armijos
    • Department of Public Health Sciences, College of Health SciencesUniversity of Texas at El Paso (UTEP)
    • Human Immunology and Disease Research LaboratoryUTEP College of Health Sciences
    • UTEP Center for Interdisciplinary Health Research and EvaluationUTEP College of Health Sciences
  • O. Beltran
    • Human Immunology and Disease Research LaboratoryUTEP College of Health Sciences
    • Interdisciplinary Health Science Doctoral ProgramUTEP College of Health Sciences and School of Nursing
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10903-013-9788-6

Cite this article as:
Weigel, M.M., Armijos, R.X. & Beltran, O. J Immigrant Minority Health (2014) 16: 904. doi:10.1007/s10903-013-9788-6

Abstract

Migrant and seasonal farmworkers are at high risk for musculoskeletal and other occupational injuries. Although persons aged 40–80 years account for 40 % of all US farmworkers and as many as 50 % in certain regions, little is known about their occupational health issues. The current study examined work-related persistent musculoskeletal injuries (PMIs) and their association with clinical and functional indicators of disability and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in 177 middle-aged and elderly US–Mexico border farmworkers. At interview, 68 % reported current PMI pain; 51 % had pain at multiple sites. PMI pain was associated with increased shoulder, knee, and lower extremity dysfunction and reduced HRQOL scores. However, fewer than 25 % of injured participants received any conventional medical treatment. The study results indicated that work-related PMIs, especially multiple PMIs, caused significant functional impairment, disability, and poorer HRQOL, adversely affecting the ability of the aging farmworkers to perform work, self-care, and other daily activities.

Keywords

Occupational healthMusculoskeletal injuriesFunctional disabilityHealth-related quality of lifeAgingMigrant and seasonal farmworkersHispanic immigrants

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013