, Volume 16, Issue 3, pp 416-421
Date: 20 Dec 2012

Immediate Post-Abortion Insertion of Intrauterine Contraceptives (IUC) in a Diverse Urban Population

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Abstract

Ethnic minority women have a higher incidence of unintended pregnancy and abortion than Caucasian women, with significant individual and social implications. Post-abortion intrauterine contraceptive (IUC) use may reduce future unintended pregnancy. This was a retrospective review of 265 women undergoing abortion at a Los Angeles County Reproductive Options Clinic. Demographic factors, reproductive history, and post-abortion contraceptive choice were evaluated and analyzed. The population was predominantly Latina (73 %) and single, with a mean age of 27. Immediate post-abortion IUC insertion was chosen by 48 % overall and more frequently by Latinas (55 %) than by African Americans (33 %) or Asians (43 %) (p = 0.02). IUC use increased with age, undesired future fertility, increasing gravidity, and history of previous abortion in univariate analysis. In multivariate analysis, IUC use increased with Latina ethnicity and increasing gravidity. In a clinic serving low-income urban women in Los Angeles, post-abortal IUC uptake is highest among Latinas and those with prior pregnancies. Future research should examine reasons for and barriers to IUC uptake in diverse communities and methods to improve post-abortion IUC uptake to prevent subsequent unintended pregnancies.