Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 15, Issue 5, pp 918–924

Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes by Place of Birth in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)

  • Reena Oza-Frank
  • Cheeling Chan
  • Kiang Liu
  • Gregory Burke
  • Alka M. Kanaya
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10903-012-9683-6

Cite this article as:
Oza-Frank, R., Chan, C., Liu, K. et al. J Immigrant Minority Health (2013) 15: 918. doi:10.1007/s10903-012-9683-6

Abstract

Incidence of diabetes among US foreign-born individuals is not well studied. Data were from the Multi Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to examine diabetes risk by race/ethnicity, place of birth, and duration of residence among foreign-born. Foreign-born Latinos had a higher risk of incident diabetes compared to US-born Latinos (hazard ratio (HR) 1.79 [95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.00–3.21]). Latinos born in Mexico (HR, 2.26 [95 % CI, 1.18–4.33]) had higher risk of incident diabetes compared to US-born Latinos. Foreign-born living in the US ≥20 years had a higher adjusted risk of incident diabetes compared to those in the US for <20 years (HR, 1.60 [95 % CI, 1.05–2.55]). Incident diabetes may be higher among foreign-born compared to native born; incident diabetes may also be higher among those immigrants who have lived in the US for longer periods of time. Future studies should characterize individuals by race/ethnicity and place of birth to account for differences in biology and time spent in the US.

Keywords

ImmigrantForeign-bornDiabetes incidenceLatinoChinese

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reena Oza-Frank
    • 1
    • 2
  • Cheeling Chan
    • 3
  • Kiang Liu
    • 3
  • Gregory Burke
    • 4
  • Alka M. Kanaya
    • 5
  1. 1.Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s HospitalColumbusUSA
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  3. 3.Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of MedicineNorthwestern UniversityChicagoUSA
  4. 4.Department of Public Health Sciences, School of MedicineWake Forest UniversityWinston-SalemUSA
  5. 5.Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of MedicineUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA