Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 125–131

Learning to Fit in: An Exploratory Study of General Perceived Self Efficacy in Selected Refugee Groups

  • Cheryl M. R. Sulaiman-Hill
  • Sandra C. Thompson
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10903-011-9547-5

Cite this article as:
Sulaiman-Hill, C.M.R. & Thompson, S.C. J Immigrant Minority Health (2013) 15: 125. doi:10.1007/s10903-011-9547-5


As self efficacy beliefs help determine an individual’s response to challenging situations, we explored the impact of the refugee experience on efficacy beliefs and their contribution to resettlement. General self efficacy (GSE) was assessed in 186 resettled Afghan and Kurdish refugees against a range of personal and temporal variables. Although no differences in GSE in relation to temporal factors were noted, significant relationships between self efficacy, lower psychological distress and higher subjective well being were evident. The findings suggest that GSE, because of its positive association with mental health and well being, is a variable worthy of further examination in refugees. In addition to ensuring a supportive environment for learning English, proactive employment strategies should be encouraged. Further research examining the use of successful refugee role models to promote self efficacy, enhance motivation for learning and ensure newly arrived refugees view resettlement as a challenge, rather than a threat, is recommended.


General self efficacyRefugeesResettlementMental healthSocial modelling

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cheryl M. R. Sulaiman-Hill
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sandra C. Thompson
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre for International HealthCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia
  2. 2.ChristchurchNew Zealand
  3. 3.Combined Universities Centre for Rural HealthUniversity of Western AustraliaGeraldtonAustralia