Epidemiology of Respiratory Infections Caused by Atypical Bacteria in Two Kenyan Refugee Camps
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Chlamydia pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, and Legionella spp. are common causes of atypical pneumonia; however, data about these atypical pathogens are limited in the refugee setting. Paired nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal specimens were collected from patients with respiratory illness presenting to healthcare centers in two refugee camps in Kenya. The specimens were tested for C. pneumoniae, M. pneumoniae, and Legionella spp. as well as eight respiratory viruses. Atypical pathogens were detected in 5.5% of the specimens of which 54% were co-infected with at least one of the eight viruses tested. Patients positive for atypical bacteria co-infected with virus were significantly more likely to have severe acute respiratory illness than patients infected with only atypical bacteria (P = 0.04). While the percentage of atypical pathogens identified was lower than expected, we found a significant relationship between atypical bacterial-viral co-infection and severity of disease in this refugee population.
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- Epidemiology of Respiratory Infections Caused by Atypical Bacteria in Two Kenyan Refugee Camps
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Volume 14, Issue 1 , pp 140-145
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Refugee health
- Atypical bacteria
- Atypical pneumonia
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, GA, USA
- 2. CDC-Kenya, KEMRI Complex, Mbagathi Rd off Mbagathi Way, P.O. Box 606-00621, Village Market, Nairobi, Kenya
- 3. Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI), Nairobi, Kenya
- 4. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Nairobi, Kenya