Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 13, Issue 5, pp 825–833

Prevalence of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Among Older Puerto Rican Adults Living in Massachusetts

  • Maria I. Van Rompay
  • Carmen Castaneda-Sceppa
  • Nicola M. McKeown
  • José M. Ordovás
  • Katherine L. Tucker
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10903-011-9448-7

Cite this article as:
Van Rompay, M.I., Castaneda-Sceppa, C., McKeown, N.M. et al. J Immigrant Minority Health (2011) 13: 825. doi:10.1007/s10903-011-9448-7

Abstract

There remains limited research on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in Puerto Rican adults. We compared lifestyle and CVD risk factors in Puerto Rican men and women with normal fasting glucose (NFG), impaired fasting glucose (IFG), or type 2 diabetes (T2D), and investigated achievement of American Diabetes Association (ADA) treatment goals in those with T2D. Baseline data from the Boston Puerto Rican Health Study were analyzed, which included 1,287 adults aged 45–75 years. Obesity, hyperglycemia, and dyslipidemia were prevalent and increased from NFG to IFG and T2D. In individuals without T2D, fasting insulin correlated significantly with body mass index. Achievement of ADA goals was poor; LDL cholesterol was most achieved (59.4%), followed by blood pressure (27.2%) and glycosylated hemoglobin (27.0%). Poverty, female sex, current alcohol use, and diabetes or anti-hypertensive medication use were associated with not meeting goals. Puerto Rican adults living in the Boston area showed several metabolic abnormalities and high CVD risk, likely due to pervasive obesity and socio-economic disparities.

Keywords

Cardiovascular disease risk factors Type 2 diabetes Impaired fasting glucose Hispanics Puerto Ricans 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria I. Van Rompay
    • 1
  • Carmen Castaneda-Sceppa
    • 2
  • Nicola M. McKeown
    • 3
    • 4
  • José M. Ordovás
    • 1
    • 4
  • Katherine L. Tucker
    • 2
  1. 1.Nutrition and Genomics Laboratory, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on AgingTufts UniversityBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Health SciencesNortheastern UniversityBostonUSA
  3. 3.Nutritional Epidemiology Program, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on AgingTufts UniversityBostonUSA
  4. 4.Gerald J. and Dorothy R. Friedman School of Nutrition Science and PolicyTufts UniversityBostonUSA

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