Alcohol Use Among Arab Americans: What is the Prevalence?
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Information is limited on alcohol use among Arab Americans. The purpose of this study was to describe and analyze the alcohol use pattern among Arab Americans by reviewing existing surveys using an acculturation model. Secondary data analysis. Nationally, English-speaking immigrant Arab Americans reported lower rates of lifetime alcohol use (50.8%), past month use (26.4%) and binge drinking (10%) than the White majority group. In a state survey, self-identified English-speaking Arab Americans were less likely to report past month use (45.6%) than the White majority group but reported similar rate of binge drinking (17.0%). Locally, lifetime drinking was reported by 46.2% of the immigrants but only 13.4% of refugees fleeing war. Few databases are available to estimate alcohol use pattern among Arab Americans; the limited data suggest a drinking pattern consistent with acculturation. However, the potential influence of other factors is unknown and needs to be investigated.
Supplementary Material (0)
- Horgan C. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Substance abuse: the nation’s number one health problem: key indicators for policy update: The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation; 2001.
- Alegría M, Page J, Hansen H, Cauce A, Robles R, Blanco C, et al. Improving drug treatment services for Hispanics: research gaps and scientific opportunities. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2006;84:S76–84. CrossRef
- Ja D, Aoki B. Substance abuse treatment: cultural barriers in the Asian-American community. J Psychoactive Drugs. 1993;25(1):61–71.
- Hasin D, Stinson F, Ogburn E, Grant B. Prevalence, correlates, disability, and comorbidity of DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence in the United States: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2007;64(7):830. CrossRef
- Abe-Kim J, Takeuchi D, Hong S, Zane N, Sue S, Spencer M, et al. Use of mental health-related services among immigrant and US-born Asian Americans: results from the National Latino and Asian American Study. Am J Public Health. 2007;97(1):91–8. CrossRef
- Alegria M, Canino G, Shrout P, Woo M, Duan N, Vila D, et al. Prevalence of mental illness in immigrant and non-immigrant US Latino groups. Am J Psychiatry. 2008;165(3):359–69. CrossRef
- O’Malley P, Johnston L. Epidemiology of alcohol and other drug use among American college students. J Stud Alcohol. 2002;14:23–39.
- Grant B, Stinson F, Harford T. Age at onset of alcohol use and DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence: a 12-year follow-up. J Subst Abuse. 2001;13(4):493–504. CrossRef
- Takeuchi D, Zane N, Hong S, Chae D, Gong F, Gee G, et al. Immigration-related factors and mental disorders among Asian Americans. Am J Public Health. 2007;97(1):84. CrossRef
- Caetano R, Ramisetty-Mikler S, Rodriguez L. The Hispanic Americans Baseline Alcohol Survey (HABLAS): rates and predictors of alcohol abuse and dependence across Hispanic national groups. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2008;69(3):441.
- Vega W, Alderete E, Kolody B, Aguilar-Gaxiola S. Illicit drug use among Mexicans and Mexican Americans in California: the effects of gender and acculturation. Addiction. 1998;93(12):1839–50. CrossRef
- Sakai J, Ho P, Shore J, Risk N, Price R. Asians in the United States: substance dependence and use of substance-dependence treatment. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2005;29(2):75–84. CrossRef
- Brown J, Council C, Penne M, Gfroerer J. Immigrants and substance use: findings from the 1999–2001 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health. No:(SMA) 04-3909. 2005;76.
- Arfken C, Kubiak S, Farrag M. Arab Americans in publicly financed alcohol/other drug abuse treatment. Alcoholism Treat Q. 2008;26(3):229–40. CrossRef
- Dawson D. Beyond black, white and Hispanic: race, ethnic origin and drinking patterns in the United States. J Subst Abuse. 1998;10(4):321–39. CrossRef
- Berry J, Kim U, Minde T, Mok D. Comparative studies of acculturative stress. Int Migr Rev. 1987;491–511.
- Berry J, Phinney J, Sam D, Vedder P. Immigrant youth: acculturation, identity, and adaptation. Appl Psychol. 2006;55(3):303–32. CrossRef
- Berry J. Globalisation and acculturation. Int J Intercult Relat. 2008;32(4):328–36. CrossRef
- Chae D, Takeuchi D, Barbeau E, Bennett G, Lindsey J, Stoddard A, et al. Alcohol disorders among Asian Americans: associations with unfair treatment, racial/ethnic discrimination, and ethnic identification (the National Latino and Asian Americans Study, 2002–2003). J Epidemiol Community Health. 2008;62(11):973. CrossRef
- Johnson T, VanGeest J, Cho Y. Migration and substance use: evidence from the US National Health Interview Survey. Subst Use Misuse. 2002;37(8–10):941–72. CrossRef
- United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization. World Drink Trends. 2003.
- Makimoto K. Drinking patterns and drinking problems among Asian-Americans and Pacific Islanders. Alcohol Health Res World. 1998;22(4):270–5.
- Caetano R, Clark C, Tam T. Alcohol consumption among racial/ethnic minorities. Alcohol Health Res World. 1998;22(4):233–41.
- Shaheen J. Reel Bad Arabs. Olive Branch Press; 2001.
- Merskin D. The construction of Arabs as enemies: post-September 11 discourse of George W. Bush. Mass Communication and Society. 2004;7(2):157–75.
- Padela A, Heisler M. The Association of Perceived Abuse and Discrimination after September 11, 2001, with psychological distress, level of happiness, and health status among Arab Americans. Am J Public Health. 2010;100(2):284. CrossRef
- Baker W, Howell S. Citizenship and crisis. Russell Sage Foundation; 2009.
- Bushman B, Bonacci A. You’ve got mail: using e-mail to examine the effect of prejudiced attitudes on discrimination against Arabs. J Exp Soc Psychol. 2004;40(6):753–9. CrossRef
- Census US. Fact Sheet. 2000; Available from: http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/SAFFFactsCharIteration?_event=&geo_id=01000US&_geoContext=01000US&_street=&_county=&_cityTown=&_state=&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010&_submenuId=factsheet_2&ds_name=DEC_2000_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null®=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=.
- El-Islam F. Arab culture and mental health care. Transcult Psychiatry. 2008;45(4):671. CrossRef
- Amundsen E, Rossow I, Skurtveit S. Drinking pattern among adolescents with immigrant and Norwegian backgrounds: a two-way influence? Addiction. 2005;100(10):1453–63. CrossRef
- Abu-Ras W, Ahmed S, Arfken C. Alcohol use among US Muslim college students: risk and protective factors. J Ethnicity Subst Abuse. 2010;9(3):206–20. CrossRef
- Michalak L, Trocki K, Bond J. Religion and alcohol in the US National Alcohol Survey: how important is religion for abstention and drinking? Drug Alcohol Depend. 2007;87(2–3):268–80. CrossRef
- Jamil H, Hakim-Larson J, Farrag M, Kafaji T, Jamil L, Hammad A. Medical complaints among Iraqi American refugees with mental disorders. J Immigr Health. 2005;7(3):145–52. CrossRef
- Arfken C, Berry A, Owens D. Pathways for Arab Americans to substance abuse treatment in Southeastern Michigan. J Muslim Ment Health. 2009;4(1):31–46. CrossRef
- Saunders J, Aasland O, Babor T, Fuente J, Grant M. Development of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT): WHO collaborative project on early detection of persons with harmful alcohol consumption-II. Addiction. 2006;88(6):791–804. CrossRef
- Berry J. Immigration, acculturation, and adaptation. Appl Psychol. 1997;46(1):5–68.
- General U. Surgeon general’s call to action to prevent and reduce underage drinking. Washington, DC: Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Surgeon General; 2007.
- El-Sayed A, Galea S. The health of Arab-Americans living in the United States: a systematic review of the literature. BMC Public Health. 2009;9(1):272. CrossRef
- Caetano R, Clark C. Trends in alcohol consumption patterns among whites, blacks and Hispanics: 1984 and 1995. J Stud Alcohol. 1998;59(6):659-60.
About this Article
- Alcohol Use Among Arab Americans: What is the Prevalence?
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Volume 13, Issue 4 , pp 713-718
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Arab Americans
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, Wayne State University, 2761 E., Jefferson, Detroit, MI, 482017, USA
- 2. Department of Family Medicine and Public Health Sciences, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA