Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 533–540

Factorial Invariance, Scale Reliability, and Construct Validity of the Job Control and Job Demands Scales for Immigrant Workers: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

  • Kaori Fujishiro
  • Paul A. Landsbergis
  • Ana V. Diez-Roux
  • Karen Hinckley Stukovsky
  • Sandi Shrager
  • Sherry Baron
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10903-010-9364-2

Cite this article as:
Fujishiro, K., Landsbergis, P.A., Diez-Roux, A.V. et al. J Immigrant Minority Health (2011) 13: 533. doi:10.1007/s10903-010-9364-2

Abstract

Immigrants have a different social context from those who stay in their home country or those who were born to the country that immigrants now live. Cultural theory of risk perception suggests that social context influences one’s interpretation of questionnaire items. We examined psychometric properties of job control and job demand scales with US- and foreign-born workers who preferred English, Spanish, or Chinese (n = 3,114, mean age = 58.1). Across all groups, the job control scale had acceptable Cronbach’s alpha (0.78–0.83) and equivalent factor loadings (ΔCFI < 0.01). Immigrants had low alpha (0.42–0.65) for the job demands scale regardless of language, education, or age of migration. Two job-demand items had different factor loadings across groups. Among immigrants, both scales had inconsistent associations with perceived job stress and self-rated health. For a better understanding of immigrants’ job stress, the concept of job demands should be expanded and immigrants’ expectations for job control explored.

Keywords

Job stress Factor analysis Internal consistency Acculturation Health disparities 

Copyright information

© US Government 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kaori Fujishiro
    • 1
  • Paul A. Landsbergis
    • 2
  • Ana V. Diez-Roux
    • 3
  • Karen Hinckley Stukovsky
    • 4
  • Sandi Shrager
    • 4
  • Sherry Baron
    • 5
  1. 1.National Institute for Occupational Safety and HealthCincinnatiUSA
  2. 2.State University of New York-Downstate Medical CenterNew York CityUSA
  3. 3.University of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  4. 4.University of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  5. 5.National Institute for Occupational Safety and HealthCincinnatiUSA

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