Health Status of Mexican-Origin Persons: Do Proxy Measures of Acculturation Advance our Understanding of Health Disparities?
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Objectives This paper compares select health status indicators between the U.S. and Mexico, and within the Mexican-origin population using proxy measures of acculturation. Methods Statistical data were abstracted and a Medline literature review conducted of English-language epidemiologic articles on Mexican-origin groups published during 1976–2005. Results U.S.-born Mexican-Americans have higher morbidity and mortality compared to Mexico-born immigrants. Mexico has lower healthcare resources, life expectancy, and circulatory system and cancer mortality rates, but similar infant immunization rates compared to the U.S. Along the U.S.-Mexico border, the population on the U.S. side has better health status than the Mexican side. The longer in the U.S., the more likely Mexican-born immigrants engage in behaviors that are not health promoting. Conclusions Researchers should consider SEP, community norms, behavioral risk and protective factors when studying Mexican-origin groups. It is not spendingtime in the U.S. that worsens health outcomes but rather changes in health promoting behaviors.
- Health Status of Mexican-Origin Persons: Do Proxy Measures of Acculturation Advance our Understanding of Health Disparities?
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Volume 10, Issue 6 , pp 475-488
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- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
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- Mexican Americans
- Hispanic Americans
- Emigration and immigration
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Maryland College Park School of Public Health, 1240D HHP Bldg., College Park, MD, 20742, USA
- 2. 9509 Saginaw Street, Silver Spring, MD, 20901, USA
- 3. Department of Women’s Studies, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, USA
- 4. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
- 5. Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
- 6. Pan American Health Organization, Washington, DC, USA
- 7. School of Public Health, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA