Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 61–74

Welfare Reform and Health of Immigrant Women and their Children

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10903-006-9021-y

Cite this article as:
Kaushal, N. & Kaestner, R. J Immigrant Health (2007) 9: 61. doi:10.1007/s10903-006-9021-y


We investigate the association between the 1996 welfare reform and health insurance, medical care use and health of low-educated, foreign-born, single mothers and their children. We find that welfare reform was associated with an eight to 11.5 percentage points increase in proportion uninsured among low-educated foreign-born, single mothers. We also find that the decline in welfare caseload since 1996 was associated with a 6.5 to 10 percentage points increase in the proportion of low-educated foreign-born, single mothers reporting delays in receiving medical care or receiving no care due to cost and a nine percentage points decline in visits to a health professional in the past 12 months. We do not find any consistent evidence that welfare reform affected the health insurance, medical care utilization and health of children living with single mothers.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social WorkColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA