, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp 117-125

Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors Among Young Adult Asian Indians

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Metabolic syndrome has a high prevalence within the U.S population. Asian Indians have a greater prevalence of the chronic diseases associated with this syndrome compared to Caucasians. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of risk factors of metabolic syndrome in young adult Asian Indians. Behavioral risk factors, dietary intake, and anthropometric measurements were assessed on all study participants (n = 50). The mean BMI was 23.2 and 20.4, waist circumference was 87 and 79 cm, and percent body fat was 16 and 26% for males and females, respectively. Macronutrient contributions to the total energy intake were: carbohydrate 55% for males and females, protein 14 and 12% for males and females respectively, and total fat 31 and 33% for males and females, respectively. Using the definition of the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III, ATP III), these Asian Indians did not appear to be at high risk for developing metabolic syndrome. However, using the newly proposed recommendations for Asian Indians, the results suggest that this group may be at risk for developing metabolic syndrome.