Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 11, Issue 6, pp 763–777

Living with Ill-Health in Older Age: The Role of a Resilient Personality

  • Gill Windle
  • Robert T. Woods
  • David A. Markland
Research Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10902-009-9172-3

Cite this article as:
Windle, G., Woods, R.T. & Markland, D.A. J Happiness Stud (2010) 11: 763. doi:10.1007/s10902-009-9172-3

Abstract

This paper tests the hypothesis that a resilient personality moderates the impact of ill-health on subjective well-being. A cross-sectional survey drew a random sample of 1,847 people from England, Wales and Scotland aged between 50 and 90. Participants were interviewed face-to-face in their own homes. This paper examines demographic data, life satisfaction, psychological resources and ill-health. The direct and moderating effects were analysed using the method of multiple regression. Significant main effects of resilience and ill-health on life satisfaction were found in all of the age-groups. In three of these (60–69, 70–79 and 80–90) the addition of the interaction term was associated with a significant increase in the size of the effect, indicating a resilient self moderated the negative effect of ill-health on subjective well-being. Resilient resources can be a valuable mechanism for maintaining well-being and understanding differential resistance to, and recovery from ill-health in later life.

Keywords

Psychological resources Resilience Ill-health Subjective well-being Moderator 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gill Windle
    • 1
  • Robert T. Woods
    • 1
  • David A. Markland
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Medical and Social Care ResearchBangor UniversityBangorUK
  2. 2.School of Sport, Health and Exercise SciencesBangor UniversityBangorUK