Design strategy and informal transformations in urban housing
- Peter A. Makachia
- … show all 1 hide
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Dweller-initiated transformations are mostly chided for their apparent locational spontaneity that is often at variance with functional and aesthetic objectives in formal housing design. This presumes speculator-driven motives as sole reasons for the phenomenon, and yet others, including the social and physical functional objectives also underlie the processes. The paper uses empirical findings from Nairobi housing estates—Buru-Buru; a middle-income estate and Kaloleni; a Council rental estate—to illustrate physical qualities in informal transformations of formal housing. Using measurements and illustrative material, the results show a (sub)-conscious rationale that generates tenements while also retaining the desired socio-spatial qualities of the middle-income neighbourhood. It is posited that a design strategy that is responsive to the varied objectives of economy, social and physical spatial demands of housing should inform concepts in housing design. This is aimed at enhancing environmental qualities of formal housing that emerge when faced with unilateral transformations.
- Anderson, D. (2002). Corruption at City Hall: African housing and urban development in colonial Nairobi. In A. Burton (Ed.), The urban experience in Eastern Africa—c. 1750–2000 (pp. 138–154). Nairobi: British Institute in East Africa.
- Anyamba, T. J. (2006). Diverse informalities-spatial transformations in Nairobi—A study of Nairobi’s urban process. PhD thesis, Oslo School of Architecture, AHO, Oslo.
- Caminos, H., & Goethert, R. (1969). Urbanisation primer. Cambridge: MIT Press.
- Emig, S., & Ismail, Z. (1980). Notes on the urban planning of Nairobi. Copenhagen: Royal Academy of Fine Arts, School of Architecture.
- Gitau, S. K. (1999). Shelter extensions in planned estates: A solution or a problem? Shelternet.
- Hake, A. (1977). African metropolis. London: Sussex University Press.
- Hamdi, N. (1991). Housing without houses—Participation, flexibility, enablement. London: Intermediate Technology Publication.
- Hirst, T., & Lamba, D. (1994). The struggle for Nairobi—the story of an urban environment, built at the place of ‘cold waters’, retold in words and pictures. Nairobi: Mazingira Institute.
- Makachia, P. A. (1995). Starter unit concept—Case-study analysis of NHC of Kenya Low Income Housing Projects. MArch thesis, K U Leuven, PGCHS, Leuven.
- Makachia, P. A. (2010). Transformation of housing in Nairobi—Dweller-initiated transformations in formal housing in Nairobi estates with case studies of Kaloleni and Buru-Buru Estates. PhD thesis, University of Nairobi, Architecture and Building Science, Nairobi.
- Markus, T. A. (1972). Building performance. Essex: Applied Science Publishers.
- Mortimer, C. (1946). Foreward. In G. Oglivie (Ed.), The housing of Africans in the urban areas of Kenya (pp. ff1–ff2). Nairobi: The Kenya Information Office.
- Nairobi Urban Study Group (NUSG). (1973). Nairobi—Metropolitan growth strategy. Nairobi: Nairobi City Council.
- Ndung’u, W. J. (2008). Low income housing in Nairobi—The rental option. University of Nairobi, Department of Architecture and Building Sciences, Nairobi (unpublished).
- Nevanlinna, A. K. (1996). Interpreting Nairobi—The cultural study of built forms. Helsinki: Bibliotheca Historica 18—Suomen Historiallinen Seura.
- Ochieng, C. C. (2001). Planned housing in Koma Rock Nairobi-changes due to ten years of illegal densification. ESN/N-Aerus workshop on May 23–26, 2001, Leuven, Brussels.
- Oglivie, G. (1946). The housing of Africans in the urban areas of Kenya. Nairobi: The Kenya Information Office.
- Republic of Kenya (RoK). (2008). Overcoming the finance and resource challenge for sustainable housing and urban development through creation of housing sector incentives. Nairobi: Ministry of Housing.
- Syagga, P. (1979). A study of the management of local authority housing estates in Kenya with special reference to Mombasa, Kisumu and Thika municipal councils. University of Nairobi, Department of Land Development, Nairobi (unpublished).
- Thornton-White, L. W., Anderson, P. R., & Silverman, L. (1948). Nairobi—master plan for a colonial capital—A report prepared for the municipal council of Nairobi. London: His Majesty’s Stationery Office.
- Design strategy and informal transformations in urban housing
Journal of Housing and the Built Environment
Volume 28, Issue 1 , pp 167-186
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Design strategy
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Architecture and Building Science, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 30197-00100, Nairobi, Kenya