Journal of Community Health

, Volume 39, Issue 6, pp 1117–1123

Calorie Intake, Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption, and Obesity Among New York City Adults: Findings from a 2013 Population Study Using Dietary Recalls

  • Ryan Richard Ruff
  • Ali Akhund
  • Tamar Adjoian
  • Susan M. Kansagra
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10900-014-9865-3

Cite this article as:
Ruff, R.R., Akhund, A., Adjoian, T. et al. J Community Health (2014) 39: 1117. doi:10.1007/s10900-014-9865-3

Abstract

Obesity and overweight-obesity have contributed to increases in early mortality and noncommunicable disease incidence. The consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is linked to obesity, weight gain, and metabolic syndrome. To further explore this relationship in a large urban environment, we assessed disparities in calorie intake between SSB and non-SSB consumers and determine the association between varying SSB consumption, obesity, and overweight-obesity using data from a 2013 representative dietary survey conducted in New York City. Results show that adult SSB drinkers consume 193 kcal/day from SSBs, approximately 10 % of daily caloric needs. Compared to non-SSB drinkers, those who consume SSBs have a 572 kcal greater daily intake. Total calorie differences are due to greater SSB calorie and food calorie consumption. Among SSB consumers, each 10-oz increase in SSB consumption is associated with a greater likelihood of obesity (OR 1.62, 95 % CI 1.05, 2.05) and overweight-obesity (OR 2.23, 95 % CI 1.31, 3.80). Additionally, each 10-kcal SSB increase is related to obesity (OR 1.04, 95 % CI 1.01, 1.08) and overweight-obesity (OR 1.07, 95 % CI 1.02, 1.11).

Keywords

Obesity Sugar-sweetened beverages 24-h Dietary recall 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ryan Richard Ruff
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ali Akhund
    • 2
  • Tamar Adjoian
    • 2
  • Susan M. Kansagra
    • 2
  1. 1.New YorkUSA
  2. 2.Bureau of Chronic Disease Prevention and Tobacco ControlNew York City Department of Health and Mental HygieneQueensUSA