Original Paper

Journal of Community Health

, Volume 38, Issue 5, pp 847-855

Predictors of Hypertension Among Filipino Immigrants in the Northeast US

  • Rhodora A. UrsuaAffiliated withCenter for the Study of Asian American Health, Departments of Population Health and Medicine, New York University School of Medicine Email author 
  • , Nadia Shilpi IslamAffiliated withCenter for the Study of Asian American Health, Departments of Population Health and Medicine, New York University School of Medicine
  • , David E. AguilarAffiliated withCenter for the Study of Asian American Health, Departments of Population Health and Medicine, New York University School of Medicine
  • , Laura C. WyattAffiliated withCenter for the Study of Asian American Health, Departments of Population Health and Medicine, New York University School of Medicine
  • , S. Darius TandonAffiliated withGeneral Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
  • , Noilyn Abesamis-MendozaAffiliated withKalusugan Coalition, Inc.
  • , Potri Ranka Manis Queano NurAffiliated withKalusugan Coalition, Inc.
  • , Josephine Rago-AdiaAffiliated withKalusugan Coalition, Inc.
  • , Benjamin IletoAffiliated withKalusugan Coalition, Inc.
    • , Mariano J. ReyAffiliated withInstitute of Community Health and Research, New York University School of Medicine
    • , Chau Trinh-ShevrinAffiliated withCenter for the Study of Asian American Health, Departments of Population Health and Medicine, New York University School of Medicine

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Abstract

Hypertension remains disproportionately high among Filipinos compared to other racial and ethnic minority populations, and little research on cardiovascular disease risk factors has been conducted among Filipino immigrants in the Northeastern part of the United States. To determine hypertension prevalence and risk factors among Filipino Americans in the New York City area, blood pressure and other clinical measurements were taken from a sample of Filipino Americans during 119 community health screenings conducted between 2006 and 2010. Additional socio-demographic and health-related characteristics were also collected via a cross-sectional survey. A total of 1,028 Filipino immigrants completed the survey and had clinical readings collected. Bivariate analyses and logistic regression were performed in order to predict and assess risk factors for hypertension among our sample. Fifty-three percent of individuals were hypertensive, and half of hypertensive individuals were uninsured. Logistic regression indicated that older age, male gender, living in the United States for over 5 years, a BMI greater than 23.0 kg/m2, an elevated glucose reading, a family history of hypertension, and fair or poor self-reported health status were predictors of hypertension. There is a great need to develop more effective community-based interventions in the Filipino community to address cardiovascular health disparities.

Keywords

Hypertension Blood pressure Ethnicity Filipino Americans Health status