Trends in Lung Cancer Death Rates in Belgium and The Netherlands: a Systematic Analysis of Temporal Patterns
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Belgium and The Netherlands have fairly similar smoking prevalence patterns, but distinct tobacco control policies. It is our aim to use lung cancer death rates, especially among the youngest age groups (30–39 years), as indicators of past smoking behavioral patterns to evaluate recent tobacco control efforts in both countries. Lung cancer mortality rates from 1954 to 1997 and from 1950 to 2000 were investigated in Belgium and The Netherlands, respectively, using the joinpoint regression modeling technique (log-linear Poisson models) to calculate annual percent change in death rate. In the most recent period (1984–2000) overall male lung cancer death rates have been declining at a faster rate in The Netherlands than in Belgium. In contrast, overall female lung cancer death rates (between 1950 and 2000) have been increasing at a faster rate in The Netherlands than in Belgium. Since 1988, however, APCs in death rates among Dutch females have begun to level off. Interestingly, during this same period, a significant annual decline of 7.7% among the youngest Dutch women (30–39 years) has been observed. Tobacco use prevention and interventions seem to have an impact on smoking prevalence, especially among younger age groups. In The Netherlands, where aggressive anti-tobacco campaigns were introduced a few years earlier than in Belgium, male lung cancer mortality rates have been declining more rapidly, and female lung cancer mortality rates have begun to level off.
- Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. (2004). The ASPECT consortium. Tobacco or health in the European union: Past, present and future. Luxembourg.
- Gallus, S. S., La Vecchia, C., Townsend, J., & Fernandez, E. (2006). Price and cigarette consumption in Europe. Tobacco control, 15, 114–119. CrossRef
- Bosetti, C. L., Lucchini, F., Negri, E., & La Vecchia, C. (2005). Lung cancer mortality in European women: Recent trends and perspectives. Annals of Oncology, 16, 1597–1604. CrossRef
- Skov, T., Sprøgel, P., Engholm, G., & Frølund, C. (1991). Cancer of the lung and urinary bladder in Denmark, 1943–87: A cohort analysis. Cancer Causes and Control, 2, 365–369. CrossRef
- Michaud, D. S., Clinton, S. K., Rimm, E. B., Willett, W. C., & Giovannucci, E. (2001). Risk of bladder cancer by geographic region in a US cohort of male health professionals. Epidemiology, 12, 719–726. CrossRef
- Thyrian, J. R., & John, U. (2006). Measuring activities in tobacco control across the EU. The MAToC. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, 1, 9. CrossRef
- World Health Organization (1997). Tobacco or health: A global status report. Geneva: World Health Organization.
- Cayuela, A., Rodriguez-Dominguez, S., Lopez-Campos, J. L., Otero Candelera, R., & Rodriguez Matutes, C. (2004). Joinpoint regression analysis of lung cancer mortality, Andalusia 1975–2000. Annals of Oncology, 15, 793–796. CrossRef
- Kabir, Z., Connolly, G. N., & Clancy, L. (2007). Temporal patterns in lung cancer death rates in Ireland. Irish Journal of Medical Science, 176, 81–85. CrossRef
- Levi, F., Bosetti, C., Fernandez, E., Hill, C., Lucchini, F., Negri, E., et al. (2007). Trends in lung cancer among young European women: The rising epidemic in France and Spain. International Journal of Cancer, 121, 462–465. CrossRef
- Jemal, A., Cokkinides, V. E., Shafey, O., & Thun, M. J. (2003). Lung cancer trends in young adults: An early indicator of progress in tobacco control (United States). Cancer Causes and Control, 14, 579–585. CrossRef
- World Health Organization’s Mortality Database. Descriptive Epidemiology Group, Biostatistics and Epidemiology Cluster International Agency for Research on Cancer. Retrieved from http://www-dep.iarc.fr/.
- Forey, B., Lee, P., & Wald, N. (2002). International smoking statistics. London: Oxford University Press.
- WHO Regional Office for Europe. Tobacco control database. Retrieved from http://data.euro.who.int/tobacco/.
- Regents of the University of California. Legacy tobacco documents library. Retrieved from http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/.
- Hublet, A., Maes, L., & Csincsak, M. (2002). Predictors of participation in two different smoking cessation interventions at school. Health education & behavior, 29, 585–595. CrossRef
- Mackay, J., Eriksen, M., & Shafey, O. (2006). The tobacco atlas. Georgia: American Cancer Society.
- Montes, A., & Villalbí, J. R. (2001). The price of cigarettes in the European union. Tobacco Control, 10, 135–136. CrossRef
- Osler, M., Prescott, E., Godtfredsen, N., Hein, H. O., & Schnohr, P. (1999). Gender and determinants of smoking cessation: A longitudinal study. Preventive Medicine, 29, 57–62. CrossRef
- Trends in Lung Cancer Death Rates in Belgium and The Netherlands: a Systematic Analysis of Temporal Patterns
Journal of Community Health
Volume 34, Issue 3 , pp 188-194
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Lung cancer
- Temporal pattern
- The Netherlands
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Division of Public Health Practice, Harvard School of Public Health, 401 Park Drive, Landmark Center (3rd Floor, East), Boston, MA, 02215, USA
- 2. The Digital Depot, Research Institute for a Tobacco Free Society, Thomas Street, Dublin, Ireland