Cigarette Smoking and Lesbian and Bisexual Women in the Bronx Article DOI:
Cite this article as: Sanchez, J.P., Meacher, P. & Beil, R. J Community Health (2005) 30: 23. doi:10.1007/s10900-004-6093-2 Abstract
This study investigated the prevalence of cigarette smoking, smoking patterns, and smoking cessation efforts of Black and Hispanic lesbian and bisexual women from a poor, urban community. One-on-one interviews were conducted with a convenience sample of 130 self-identified Black and Hispanic lesbian and bisexual women from the Bronx, NY. Bivariate statistics were used to determine differences between Black and Hispanic respondents in smoking prevalence, frequency, desire to quit, and impact on family unit. Fifty-five percent of Black respondents and sixty-two percent of Hispanic respondents were current smokers. Hispanics were more likely than Blacks to have a partner (p < 0.04), 2 or more children (p < 0.05), and an asthmatic in their household (p < 0.02). Hispanics were less likely than Blacks to have ever attempted to quit (p < 0.04) and to have made a serious attempt to quit in the past year (p < 0.02). Culturally sensitive interventions are needed to help Hispanic lesbian and bisexual women move from the pre-contemplative to action stage of quitting. The large proportion of current smokers requires greater access to effective smoking cessation tools.
Keywords lesbian health Black/Hispanic women cigarette smoking asthma family health References Fagerstrom, K. 2002 The epidemiology of smoking: Health consequences and benefits of cessation Drugs 62 1 9 Google Scholar Women and Smoking: A Report of Surgeon General. United States Public Health Service, Office of the Surgeon General, 2001. Ryan, H, Wortley, PM, Easton, A, Pederson, L, Greenwood, G 2001 Smoking among lesbians, gays, and bisexuals: A review of the literature Am J Prev Med 21 142 149 Google Scholar Bergen, AW, Caporaso, N. 1999 Cigarette smoking J Natl Cancer Inst 91 1365 1375 Google Scholar Dibble, SL, Roberts, SA, Robertson, PA, Paul, SM. 2002 Risk factors for ovarian cancer: Lesbian and heterosexual women. Oncol Nurs Forum 2002 E1 7 Google Scholar Garg, R, Karpati, A, Leighton, J, Perrin, M, Shah, M. 2003Asthma Facts. 2nd ed. Department of Health and Mental Hygiene New York City Google Scholar
Clinical Practice Guidelines. Number 18 Smoking Cessation. US Department of Health and Human Services. Public Health Service, Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1996.
Valanis, BG, Bowen, DJ, Bassford, T, Whitlock, E, Charney, P, Carter, RA 2000 Sexual orientation and health: Comparisons in the women’s health initiative sample Arch Fam Med 9 843 853 Google Scholar Gruskin, EP, Hart, S, Gordon, N, Ackerson, L 2001 Patterns of cigarette smoking and alcohol use among lesbians and bisexual women enrolled in a large health maintenance organization Am J Public Health 91 976 979 Google Scholar Watson, JM, Scarinci, IC, Klesges, RC, et al. 2003 Relationships among smoking status, ethnicity, socioeconomic indicators, and lifestyle variables in a biracial sample of women Prev Med 37 138 147 Google Scholar Mays, VM, Yancey, AK, Cochran, SD, Weber, M, Fielding, JE 2002 Heterogeneity of health disparities among African American, Hispanic, and Asian-American women: Unrecognized influences of sexual orientation Am J Public Health 92 632 639 Google Scholar
Kaiser Permanente National Diversity Council and the Kaiser Permanente National Diversity Department. A Provider’s Handbook on Culturally Competent Care: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Population. Oakland, CA, 2000.
U.S. Census Bureau: State and County QuickFacts. Bronx County, NY, 2000.
Gay and Lesbian Medical Association and LGBT health experts 2001Healthy people 2010 Companion document for Lesbian, Gay, Biseuxal and Transgender (LGBT) Health Gay and Lesbian Medical Association San Francisco, CA Google Scholar Aaron, DJ, Markovic, N, Danielson, ME, Honnold, JA, Janosky, JE, Schmidt, NJ 2001 Behavioral risk factors for disease and preventive health practices among lesbians Am J Public Health 91 972 975 Google Scholar Lehmann, JB, Lehmann, CU, Kelly, PJ 1998 Development and health care needs of lesbians J Women’s Health 7 379 387 Google Scholar Klitzman, RL, Greenberg, JD 2002 Patterns of communication between gay and lesbian patients and their health care providers J Homosex 42 65 75 Google Scholar
1997 National Health Interview Survey, Adult Core. Division of Health Interview Statistics. National Center for Health Statistics, 2000
2000 National Health Interview Survey, Cancer Module. Division of Health Interview Statistics. National Center for Health Statistics, 2002.
Jorenby, DE, Leischow, SJ, Nides, MA, et al. 1999 A controlled trial of sustained-release bupropion, a nicotine patch, or both for smoking cessation N Engl J Med 340 685 691 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar Smith, EA, Malone, RE 2003 The Outing of Philip Morris: Advertising tobacco to gay men Am J Public Health 93 988 993 Google Scholar Cochran, SD, Mays, VM, Bowen, D, et al. 2001 Cancer related risk indicators and preventive screening behaviors among lesbian and bisexual women Am J Public Health 91 591 597 Google Scholar Diamant, AL, Wold, C, Spritzer, K, Gelberg, L 2000 Health behaviors, health status, and access to and use of health care: a population_based survey of lesbian, bisexual, and heterosexual women Arch Fam Med 9 1043 1051 Google Scholar Copyright information
© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005