Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 247–256

The Population Mean and the Proportion of Frequent Gamblers: Is the Theory of Total Consumption Valid for Gambling?

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10899-007-9081-5

Cite this article as:
Lund, I. J Gambl Stud (2008) 24: 247. doi:10.1007/s10899-007-9081-5


The study looks at three representative samples of Norwegians in different age groups with the aim of finding evidence for the validity of the total consumption model for the area of gambling. The results show that gambling was distributed in the population in a way consistent with the predictions of the total consumption theory. Populations with a low mean gambling frequency had a lower proportion of frequent gamblers than populations with a high mean gambling frequency. It was also shown that in a population with a low mean gambling frequency, consumers along the whole consumption continuum gambled less frequently, than in a population with a high mean gambling frequency. It is concluded that the total consumption model seems to be valid for gambling, and that gambling consequently needs to be understood as a public health issue. The actions and behaviours of the normal majority can then not be regarded as irrelevant for the development in problem gambling prevalences.


Total consumption modelGambling distributionMean gambling frequencyFrequent gamblers

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Norwegian Institute for Alcohol and Drug Research (SIRUS)OsloNorway