Journal of Genetic Counseling

, Volume 20, Issue 6, pp 625–638

Awareness and Preferences Regarding BRCA1/2 Genetic Counseling and Testing Among Latinas and Non-Latina White Women at Increased Risk for Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer

  • Amanda Dawn Gammon
  • Erin Rothwell
  • Rebecca Simmons
  • Jan T. Lowery
  • Lori Ballinger
  • Deirdre A. Hill
  • Kenneth M. Boucher
  • Anita Yeomans Kinney
Original Research

DOI: 10.1007/s10897-011-9376-7

Cite this article as:
Gammon, A.D., Rothwell, E., Simmons, R. et al. J Genet Counsel (2011) 20: 625. doi:10.1007/s10897-011-9376-7

Abstract

This study was an investigation of awareness, cognitions, and psychosocial and educational needs related to genetic counseling and testing among Latinas and non-Latina whites at increased risk for having a BRCA1/2 mutation. Sixty-three Latina and eighty-four non-Latina white women completed telephone surveys employing a mixture of quantitative and qualitative questions assessing awareness, benefits, risks, barriers, and genetic counseling communication preferences regarding BRCA1/2 testing. Among participants who had not previously had genetic counseling/testing, 56.9% of Latinas (29/51) and 34.8% of non-Latina white participants (24/69) were unaware of the availability of BRCA1/2 testing. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, Latina ethnicity was the only statistically significant independent factor associated with lack of awareness (OR = 0.42; 95% CI = 0.19–0.35). No appreciable differences were noted between ethnic groups regarding perceived benefits of BRCA1/2 testing or desired genetic counseling topics. These findings underscore the importance of increasing awareness of cancer genetic counseling and genetic testing among both Latina and non-Latina white populations.

Keywords

BRCA1 and BRCA2 Genetic counseling Genetic testing Latinos Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer Awareness Preferences 

Copyright information

© National Society of Genetic Counselors, Inc. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amanda Dawn Gammon
    • 1
  • Erin Rothwell
    • 2
  • Rebecca Simmons
    • 3
  • Jan T. Lowery
    • 4
  • Lori Ballinger
    • 5
  • Deirdre A. Hill
    • 6
  • Kenneth M. Boucher
    • 1
    • 3
    • 7
  • Anita Yeomans Kinney
    • 1
    • 3
    • 8
  1. 1.Huntsman Cancer InstituteSalt Lake CityUSA
  2. 2.College of NursingUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA
  3. 3.University of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA
  4. 4.Department of EpidemiologyColorado School of Public HealthDenverUSA
  5. 5.Cancer Research and Treatment CenterUniversity of New Mexico Health Sciences CenterAlbuquerqueUSA
  6. 6.Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of New Mexico Health Sciences CenterAlbuquerqueUSA
  7. 7.Department of Oncological SciencesUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA
  8. 8.Division of Clinical Epidemiology and Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA