Intergenerational Transmission of Violence: the Influence of Self-Appraisals, Mental Disorders and Substance Abuse
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- Whiting, J.B., Simmons, L.A., Havens, J.R. et al. J Fam Viol (2009) 24: 639. doi:10.1007/s10896-009-9262-3
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Although research has demonstrated connections between experiencing abuse as a child and being in a violent relationship as an adult, the specific mechanisms through which this transmission occurs are unclear. The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between certain personal factors (self-appraisals and mental/substance use disorders) and experiencing violence as an adult. Data from the National Comorbidity Survey (NCS) 1990–1992 were utilized. Respondents who reported experiencing childhood abuse or victimization and were in a current intimate partnership (N = 590) were selected for analysis. Multivariate logistic regression indicated that low self-esteem, past year PTSD, and past year alcohol dependence were significantly associated with intimate partner violence after controlling for other self-appraisals and mental disorders.