Intimate Partner Violence During Pregnancy and 1-Year Post-Partum
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Using data on a nationally representative cohort of pregnant women in US cities, this study examines the prevalence and correlates of interpersonal violence (IPV)—physical, emotional, and coercion-control—during pregnancy and 1 year after birth. Overall, 33% of mothers and 40% of fathers experience some form of IPV during or after pregnancy. Hispanic women and those no longer romantically involved with their children’s fathers were most likely to experience IPV during pregnancy. Less educated women, women who reported that they or their spouses used substances (i.e., alcohol or illicit drugs), and women who reported that their pregnancy was unwanted were at high risk of IPV both during and after their pregnancy. Violence during pregnancy strongly predicted violence after pregnancy. Recent immigrants were among the least likely to leave a violent relationship 1-year post-partum. US-born women who were employed during their pregnancy were among the most likely to leave an abusive relationship 1-year post-partum.
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- Intimate Partner Violence During Pregnancy and 1-Year Post-Partum
Journal of Family Violence
Volume 22, Issue 7 , pp 609-619
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Physical violence
- Emotional abuse
- Coercion-control behavior
- Author Affiliations
- 1. School of Social Work, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 301 Pittsboro Street CB 3550, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599-3550, USA
- 2. Department of Public Policy and Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Abernethy Hall, CB 3435, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599-3435, USA