Racial Differences in Battered Women’s Experiences and Preferences for Treatment from Physicians
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
The present study evaluated racial differences in battered women’s experiences and preferences for treatment from physicians when seeking help for abuse-related issues. Prior research revealed unexpected findings that African American women rated certain physician behaviors related to victim blaming and expression of sympathy for the male partner less negatively than White women. The present study found that when potential confounders, such as source of care, education level, and income were controlled, racial differences in approval ratings of physician behaviors almost disappeared. Only one physician behavior—blaming the patient for the abuse—differentiated the two groups. However, despite racial differences, both groups rated the behavior negatively. Other findings were that, overall, African American women are more likely than White women to seek abuse-related health care from emergency and urgent care settings and have fewer preferences for the race of their physician provider. Both White and African American women preferred to see a female physician. Implications of these findings for future research are discussed.
- Bent-Goodley, T. B. (2004). Perceptions of domestic violence: A dialogue with African American women. Health & Social Work, 29, 307–316.
- Bergman, B., & Brismar, B. (1991). A 5-year follow-up study of 117 battered women. American Journal of Public Health, 81, 1486–1488. CrossRef
- Coker, A. L., Smith, P. H., Bethea, L., King, M. R., & McKeown, R. E. (2000). Physical health consequences of physical and psychological intimate partner violence. Archives of Family Medicine, 9, 451–457. CrossRef
- Cornelius, L. (1997). The degree of usual provider continuity for African and Latino Americans. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 8, 170–185.
- CYTEL Software Corporation. (2001). StatXact 5. Cambridge, MA.
- Fitchenbaum, R., & Gyimah-Brempong, K. (1997). The effects of race on the use of physicians’ services. International Journal of Health Services, 27, 139–156.
- Gleason, W. J. (1993). Mental disorders in battered women: An empirical study. Violence and Victims, 8, 53–68.
- Grumbach, K., Vranizan, K., & Bindman, A. B. (1997). Physician supply and access to care in urban communities. Health Affairs, 16, 71–86. CrossRef
- Hamberger, L. K., Ambuel, B., Marbella, A., & Donze, J. (1998). Physician interaction with battered women. The women’s perspective. Archives of Family Medicine, 7, 575–582. CrossRef
- Hamberger, L. K., & Phelan, M. B. (2004). Domestic violence screening and intervention in medical and mental healthcare settings. New York: Springer.
- Hayden, S. R., Barton, E. D., & Hayden, M. (1997). Domestic violence in the emergency department: How do women prefer to disclose and discuss the issues? The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 15, 447–451. CrossRef
- Komaromy, M., Grumbach, K., Drake, M., Vranizan, K., Lurie, N., Keane, D., et al. (1996). The role f Black and Hispanic physicians in providing health care for underserved populations. New England Journal of Medicine, 334, 1305–1310. CrossRef
- Kyriacou, D. N., Anglin, D., Taliaferro, E., Stone, S., Tubb, T., Linden, J. A., et al. (1999). Risk factors for injury to women from domestic violence. The New England Journal of Medicine, 341, 1892–1898. CrossRef
- Larkin, G. L., Hyman, K. B., Mathias, S. R., D’Amico, F., & MacLeod, B. A. (1999). Universal screening for intimate partner violence in the emergency department: Importance of patient and provider factors. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 33, 669–675. CrossRef
- McNutt, L., van Ryn, M., Clark, C., & Frasier, I. (2000). Partner violence and medical encounters. African-American women’s perspectives. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 19, 264–269. CrossRef
- Minsky, D., Hamberger, L. K., Pape, D., & Wolff, M. (2005). We’ve had the training, now what? Qualitative analysis of barriers to identification and referral of victims in a healthcare setting. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 20, 1288–1309. CrossRef
- Rhee, S., Lyons, T. F., & Payne, B. C. (1979). Patient race and physician performances: Quality of medical care, hospital admissions and hospital stays. Medical Care, 17, 737–746. CrossRef
- Rodriguez, M. A., Quiroga, S. S., & Bauer, H. M. (1996). Breaking the silence. Battered women’s perspectives on medical care. Archives of Family Medicine, 5, 153–158. CrossRef
- Sleath, B., Rubin, R. H., & Arrey-Wastavino, A. (2000). Physician expression of empathy and positiveness to Hispanic and non-Hispanic White patients during medical encounters. Family Medicine, 32, 91–96.
- StataCorp. (2003). Stata statistical software: Release 8.0. College Station, TX: Stata Corporation.
- Straus, M. A. (1979). Measuring intrafamily conflict and violence: The Conflict Tactics (CT) scales. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 4, 75–88. CrossRef
- Straus, M. A. (1990). The conflict tactics scale and its critics: An evaluation and new data on validity and reliability. In M. A. Straus, & R. J. Gelles (Eds.), Physical violence in American families: Risk factors and adaptations to violence in 8,145 families (pp. 31–54). New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.
- Waalen, J., Goodwin, M. M., Spitz, A. M., Petersen, R., & Saltzman, L. E. (2000). Screening for intimate partner violence by health care providers. Barriers and interventions. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 19, 230–237. CrossRef
- Wagner, P. J., & Mongan, P. F. (1998). Validating the concept of abuse: Women’s perceptions of defining behaviors and the effects of emotional abuse on health indicators. Archives of Family Medicine, 7, 25–29. CrossRef
- Wisner, C. L., Gilmer, T. P., Saltzman, L. E., & Zink, T. M. (1999). Intimate partner violence against women. Do victims cost health plans more? The Journal of Family Practice, 48, 439–443.
- Racial Differences in Battered Women’s Experiences and Preferences for Treatment from Physicians
Journal of Family Violence
Volume 22, Issue 5 , pp 259-265
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- Racial differences
- Physician interventions
- Domestic violence