Harsh Discipline and Child Problem Behaviors: The Roles of Positive Parenting and Gender
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
This study examined harsh verbal and physical discipline and child problem behaviors in a community sample of 2,582 parents and their fifth and sixth grade children. Participants were recruited from pediatric practices, and both parents and children completed questionnaire packets. The findings indicated that boys received more harsh verbal and physical discipline than girls, with fathers utilizing more harsh physical discipline with boys than did mothers. Both types of harsh discipline were associated with child behavior problems uniquely after positive parenting was taken into account. Child gender did not moderate the findings, but one dimension of positive parenting (i.e., parental warmth) served to buffer children from the detrimental influences of harsh physical discipline. The implications of the findings for intervention programs are discussed.
- Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Manual for the Child Behavior checklist 4–18 and 1991 profile. Burlington: University of Vermont Department of Psychiatry.
- Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
- Barnes, G. M., & Farrell, M. P. (1992). Parental support and control as predictors of adolescent drinking, delinquency, and related problem behaviors. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 54, 763–776. CrossRef
- Chang, L., Dodge, K. A., Schwartz, D., & McBride-Chang, C. (2003). Harsh parenting in relation to child emotion regulation and aggression. Journal of Family Psychology, 17, 598–606. CrossRef
- Crick, N. R., & Zahn-Waxler, C. (2003). The development of psychopathology in females and males: Current progress and future challenges. Development and Psychopathology, 15, 719–742. CrossRef
- Criss, M. M., Pettit, G. S., Bates, J. E., Dodge, K. A., & Lapp, A. L. (2002). Family adversity, positive peer relationships, and children’s externalizing behavior: A longitudinal perspective on risk and resilience. Child Development, 73, 1220–1237. CrossRef
- Deater-Deckard, K., & Dodge, K. A. (1997). Externalizing behavior problems and discipline revisited: Nonlinear effects and variation by culture, context, and gender. Psychological Inquiry, 8, 161–175. CrossRef
- Deater-Deckard, K., Dodge, K. A., Bates, J. E., & Pettit, G. S. (1996). Physical discipline among African American and European American mothers: Links to children’s externalizing behaviors. Developmental Psychology, 32, 1065–1072. CrossRef
- Dodge, K. A., Bates, J. E., & Petit, G. S. (1990). Mechanisms in the cycle of violence. Science, 250, 1678–1683. CrossRef
- Gardner, W., Murphy, M., Childs, G., Kelleher, K., Pagano, M., Jellinek, M., et al. (1999). The PSC—17: A brief pediatric symptom checklist with psychosocial problem subscales. A report from PROS and ASPN. Ambulatory Child Health, 5, 225–236.
- Jellinek, M. S., Evans, N., & Knight, R. B. (1979). Use of a behavior checklist on a pediatric in-patient unit. Journal of Pediatrics, 94, 156–158. CrossRef
- Jellinek, M.S., Murphy, J.M., & Burns, B. (1986). Brief psychosocial screening in outpatient pediatric practice. Journal of Pediatrics, 109, 371–378. CrossRef
- Kim, I. J., Ge, X., Brody, G. H., Conger, R. D., Gibbons, F. X., Simons, R. L. (2003). Parenting behaviors and the occurrence and co-occurrence of depressive symptoms and conduct problems among African American children. Journal of Family Psychology, 17, 571–583. CrossRef
- Kotchick, B. A., & Forehand, R. (2002). Putting parenting in perspective: A discussion of the contextual factors that shape parenting practices. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 11, 255–269. CrossRef
- Mahoney, A., Donnelly, W. O., Lewis, T., & Maynard, C. (2000). Mother and father self-reports of corporal punishment and severe physical aggression toward clinic-referred youth. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 29, 266–281. CrossRef
- Masten, A. S., & Coatsworth, J. D. (1998). The development of competence in favorable and unfavorable environments: Lessons from research on successful children. American Psychologist, 53, 205–220. CrossRef
- McGee, R. A., Wolfe, D. A., & Wilson, K. A. (1997). Multiple maltreatment experiences and adolescent behavior problems: Adolescents’ perspectives. Development and Psychopathology, 9, 131–149. CrossRef
- McMahon, R. J., & Forehand, R. L. (2003). Helping the noncompliant child. (2nd edn.). New York: Guilford Press.
- Murphy, J. M. (1996). Incidence of mental disorder. British Journal of Psychiatry, 169, 667–668.
- Murphy, J. M., Arnett, H. L., Bishop, S. J., Jellinek, M. S., & Reade, J. Y. (1992a). Screening for psychosocial dysfunction in pediatric practice: A naturalistic study of the Pediatric Symptom Checklist. Clinical Pediatrics, 31, 660–667.
- Murphy, J. M., Reade, J., Jellinek, M. S., & Bishop, S. J. (1992b). Screening for psychosocial dysfunction in inner-city children: Further validation of the Pediatric Symptom Checklist. Journal of American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry, 31, 1105–1111.
- Patterson, G. R., DeBaryshe, B. D., & Ramsey, E. (1989). A developmental perspective on antisocial behavior. American Psychologist, 44, 329–335. CrossRef
- Phares, V. (1996). Fathers and developmental psychopathology. New York: Wiley.
- Sedlak, A. J., Broadhurst, D., & Thomas, C. (1997). Third National Incidence Study of child abuse and neglect (Data Collection Report No. NIS-3). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
- Simons, R. L., Johnson, C., & Conger, R. D. (1994). Harsh corporal punishment versus quality of parental involvement as an explanation of adolescent maladjustment. Journal of Marriage and Family, 56, 591–607. CrossRef
- Stevens, M. M., Olson, A. L., Gaffney, C. A., Tosteson, T. D., Mott, L. A., & Starr, P. (2002). A pediatric, practice-based, randomized trial of drinking and smoking prevention and bicycle helmet, gun, and seatbelt safety promotion. Pediatrics, 109, 490–497. CrossRef
- Strassberg, Z., Dodge, K. A., Petit, G. S., Bates, J. E. (1994). Spanking in the home and children’s subsequent aggression toward kindergarten peers. Development and Psychopathology, 6, 445–461. CrossRef
- Straus, M. A., & Field, C. J. (2003). Psychological aggression by American parents: National data on prevalence, chronicity, and severity. Journal of Marriage and Family, 65, 795–808. CrossRef
- Straus, M. A., & Stewart, J. H. (1999). Corporal punishment by American parents: National data on prevalence, chronicity, severity, and duration, in relation to child and family characteristics. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 2, 55–70. CrossRef
- Weis, B., Dodge, K. A., Bates, J. E., & Petit, G. S. (1992). Some consequences of early harsh discipline: Child aggression and a maladaptive social information processing style. Child Development, 63, 1321–1335. CrossRef
- Harsh Discipline and Child Problem Behaviors: The Roles of Positive Parenting and Gender
Journal of Family Violence
Volume 22, Issue 4 , pp 187-196
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- Physical and verbal discipline
- Child problem behaviors
- Positive parenting
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, 05405, USA
- 2. Norris Cotton Cancer Center and Department of Community and Family Medicine, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH, USA
- 3. Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA