, Volume 18, Issue 6, pp 1077-1082
Date: 17 May 2008

Rhod-5N as a Fluorescent Molecular Sensor of Cadmium(II) Ion

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Abstract

The photophysical and complexing properties of Rhod-5N (commercially available) in MOPS buffer are reported. This fluorescent molecular sensor consists of a BAPTA chelating moiety bound to a rhodamine fluorophore. Its fluorescence quantum yield is low and a drastic enhancement of fluorescence intensity upon cation binding was observed. Special attention was paid to the complexation with Cd2+, a well known toxic metal ion. Possible interference with other metal ions (Na+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Zn2+, Pb2+) was examined. Rhod-5N was found to be highly selective of Cd2+ over those interfering cations except Pb2+. The limit of detection is 3.1 μg l−1.