, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 559-568

Lanthanide Complex-Based Fluorescence Label for Time-Resolved Fluorescence Bioassay

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Abstract

Different from organic fluorescence dyes, fluorescent lanthanide complexes have the fluorescence properties of long fluorescence lifetime, large Stokes shift and sharp emission profile, which makes them favorable be used as the fluorescent labeling reagents for microsecond time-resolved fluorescence bioassay. Lanthanide complex-based fluorescence labels have been successfully used for highly sensitive time-resolved fluorescence immunoassay, DNA hybridization assay, cell activity assay, and bioimaging microscopy assay. Since the technique allows easy distinction of the specific fluorescence signal of the long-lived label from short-lived background noises associated with biological samples, scattering lights (Tyndall, Rayleigh and Raman scatterings) and the optical components (cuvettes, filters and lenses), the sensitivity of fluorescence bioassay has been remarkably improved. This paper summarized the recent developments of lanthanide complex-based fluorescence labels and their applications in time-resolved fluorescence bioassays mainly based on the authors’ researches and relative publications.